The Hungarian dog breed is famous across the world for their alertness and active routine. Many adjust as guard dogs, while they love to be around their family and livestock. The Hungarian dog breed likes open spaces and won’t easily adjust to small apartments as they like to do long walks and socialize around with other animals and children. Hence, they are perfect companions with the right training and confident owners. The following are some famous Hungarian dog breeds that are loved across the globe.
Hungarian Dog Breeds
- The Mudi Breed
The Mudi is a rare breed of Hungarian dogs that have evolved just a hundred years ago through the cross family tree of German Spitz, Pumi, and Puli. Mudi is highly devoted and obedient dogs, who love staying by the feet of their owners they are the perfect apartment dog that is playful, agile, and intelligent. They have a waxy white, black, or yellow coat that sheds low and needs less maintenance. They love to play fetch, and need plenty of exercises, with few health issues and allergies.
- The Pumi
The Pumi is a big personality yet compact corkscrew-curled coat herding dog used to move flocks across narrow roads. They are very expressive and intelligent, with an affectionate and charming nature. These hard-working dogs are never low on energy and are very agile.
The breed is closely related to the longer-haired Puli. It is a sheepdog from Hungary that is thought to have been introduced by the migration of the Magyars from Central Asia more than 1,000 years ago. It can probably be traced back to Tsang Apso (Tibetan Terrier). The ancestral Hungarian herding dog appears to have been brought west during the migration from the Ural-Altay regions around 800 AD. The Pumi arose from later cross-breeding with French and German sheepdogs, such as the Spitz and Briard.
The breed evolved spontaneously and was not the result of planned breeding.Pulis were cross-bred with German Pomeranians, French Briards, and several varieties of terriers during the 17th and 18th century. In the 18th century, many Merino sheep were imported to Hungary, along with small Pyrenean Mountain Dogs that probably contributed to development of the Pumi producing dogs with a shorter and curlier coat. The first known drawing of a Pumi is from 1815.
The breeding of pedigree dogs began on the initiative of Count István Széchenyi, founder of the Hungarian Academy of Science. Within the Austro-Hungarian empire, during the later part of the 19th century, breeding of native Hungarian dogs was not encouraged. During the early 20th century , Hungarians separated their herding dogs into breeds based on to their phenotypes, and so the first distinction between Puli and Pumi was published in the year 1902. The Puli was more common on the east Hungarian plains the Pumi in the hills of the west Hungary with the Mudi common in southern Hungary. In the 1910s, controlled breeding began, but many large herds and their dogs were lost during the First World War, and the subsequent division of Hungary.
A Pumi loves homemade food and requires a lot of exercises to help reduce the risk of health allergies and hip dysplasia. They don’t shed much but require constant grooming to look tidy.
- The Transylvanian Hound
The medium-sized Transylvanian Hound has been there for thousands of years. A Transylvanian Hound is always alert with dark brown colored eyes and a black double coat. A Transylvanian Hound is usually kind and playful with its owners by forming a strong bond from a young age. They are very agile dogs who can run for long distances with extreme stamina. Above all, they are intelligent, consistent and need strict training. They suffer from common dog-related dysplasia health issues and can live for 12 years.
- The Komondor
The Komondor breed has a long history of being the loudest guarding dog ever. They have a large thick coat that protects them from extreme weather conditions, with a calm and friendly temperament. Komondors are agile and athletic for their size, and sufficient exercise is important to keep them healthy and happy. Free-running time in a large, securely fenced yard, going for walks, and playing with their housemate dogs all help a Komondor stay in shape. They like to roam around and are not suited for small households, but are perfect for suburb families with fields and livestock to protect. A Komondor should also be given a regular bath to reduce the risk of skin allergies, while they need constant training from a young age to increase obedience and good behavior in front of strangers.
Dog parks are often not encouraged for Komondors. Developed as a livestock guardian breed, these instincts can cause them to react badly to lose stranger dogs, or to the perception that a group of dogs might be a threatening gang .These dogs are intelligent , eager to please and very protective.
- The Vizsla
The Vizsla is a short-coated hunting dog of distinguished appearance and bearing. Robust, but rather lightly built, they are lean dogs that have defined muscles.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) breed standards for the Vizsla states that the coat should be short, smooth, dense, and close-lying, without a woolly undercoat. The Vizsla is not suited to being kept outside since, unlike most other breeds, it does not have an undercoat. They are self-cleaning dogs and rarely need to be bathed, if ever. They have little noticeable “dog smell” detectable by humans. After several forays into lakes and streams they will develop an aroma that is a weaker version of the ‘wet dog’ smell. A quick bath and this odor will vanish.
Various breeds are often mistaken for Vizslas and vice versa are commonly mistaken for other breeds. Redbone Coonhounds, Weimaraners and Rhodesian Ridgebacks are most commonly mixed up. The body structure of a Vizsla is very similar in appearance to a Weimaraner and a Redbone Coonhound, though the Vizsla is typically leaner with a more defined musculature. However, Weimaraners and Rhodesian Ridgebacks are larger than Vizslas.
The nose of the Vizsla will always have a reddish color that blends with the coat color. Black, brown, light pink, or another color nose is an indication of another breed. A Vizsla’s eye and nail color should also blend with the coat color.
The standard coat is a solid golden rust color in several shadings.The coat could also be described as a copper-brown color, russet gold, and dark sandy gold. Solid, dark, mahogany red and pale yellow are considered faults and a disqualification in competitions. Small areas of white on the fore-chest, neck, or tail are permissible but not preferred. Some variations in the Vizsla coat color along their back (saddle-type marks) are typical.
The golden rust-colored short coat breed is famous for trailing and pointing. They are a highly intelligent and active breed that loves to play and interact with people and other animals but birds and reptiles should be kept away. They are amazing watchdogs who never attack unless they are threatened. They like to follow their owners and family members, while highly affectionate around children. Vizsla is usually healthy, but exercise and workouts should be part of their daily routine.
- The Wirehaired Vizsla
The Wirehaired Vizsla is a large, dark wiry coat, shaggy beard, and loves good quality food. The word Vizsla means quick in Hungarian and a Wirehaired Vizsla shows it with their agility and alertness. They love to socialize, are loyal companion and choose one member of their owner’s family as their most favorite. They live for 14 years and are a healthy dog breed. They shed little but require appropriate grooming to ensure they don’t look too shaggy. Owners should do regular eye checkups and screening to reduce the risk of allergies.
- The Kuvasz
Although a Kuvasz can be difficult to train, they are a very loyal flock guarding breed. This Hungarian breed is a century old and has a courageous personality. A Kuvasz is an independent and intelligent breed but at times loves to be around the livestock guarding them against dangers. They are athletic and require confident training from a young age. With a short life of eight years, they require weekly grooming when they shed. They are usually healthy but owners should do regular health checkups for dysplasia, and gastric dilatation-volvulus.
- The Hungarian Agár
Also known as the Hungarian greyhound and Magyar Agar, they excel in long-distance walks and hunting. With appropriate training, they might become loyal pets but are usually kept for hunting prey. This medium to large-sized dog likes to get trained from an early age and likes to stay active and playful. They live for 14 years and are a healthy breed with regular issues that can be treated with ease. Their dense coat protects them in winters, but regular grooming is recommended.
- The Puli
Puli is one of the most iconic of all Hungarian dog breeds that is also one of the oldest. They have naturally floppy ears, a rare herding dog with solid black, grey or white coat. They are a very confident and intelligent breed, famously known as a family companion. One famous Puli we all recall is Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s Beast. A Puli owner should take special care of their pet as a Puli will act bossy and requires a lot of grooming. But above all, they are perfect for kids.
10 Sinka The New’ Hungarian dog breed.
The name ‘Sinka’ is from Hungarian “sima szőrű” (smooth hair). A very easily teachable, agile and muscular dog with streamline body structure.
The Sinka’s tail is held curled, sometimes double curled. The temperament of the breed is hard and aggressive. The athletic Hungarian dog is a late comer to the family member of Hungarian dog breeds; The mixed breed was bred at Hortobány (Hungarian lowland) from mixed dogs and also boyers, German shepherds and some dogs with ‘bull’ in its name. The Boxer and the Bull Terrier have been mentioned.
They are not a sensitive breed, and shepherds who use them prefer a really tough dog that they can correct with their crook and not have the dog run off. Shepherds believe that dew claws are a sign of a good working dog. The Sinka is the largest (save the Komondor) of the Hungarian herding breeds. Those used for cattle are larger and broader than the ones used for sheep. They are not currently recognized by any organization, and it is said that the shepherds prefer it to remain this way.
The Chow Chow is not from Hungary but popular in Hungary
We can not but add Chow chow of China but a great homy of Hungary
The Chow-Chow has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th Century. One writer has proposed that the Chow-Chow originated in China 2,000 years ago or originated in Arctic Asia 3,000 years ago and then migrated to Mongolia, Siberia , China and now very popular in Hungary .
One Chinese legend mentions large war dogs from Central Asia that resembled black-tongued lions. One Chinese ruler was said to own 5,000 Chows. The Chinese also used Chows to pull dog-sleds, and this was remarked upon by Marco Polo. One author states that the Chow-Chow was also bred for human consumption.
The Chow is highly loved across Hungary. They have lion’s-mane ruff black, cinnamon, cream coat, and almond set eyes. They are usually friendly and love to be around their family, while easy to adjust to city life while being highly protective. A chow should be checked for skin allergies and should always be provided with a low-grain diet to keep them healthy. Although they are active and alert, they like moderate exercise and hate moving on hot days. Chow is usually patient and responds to positive reinforcement training. They can be stubborn at times, but they are highly intelligent and respond to most tricks and commands with ease.