Origin and breed history
The Bull Terrier is a breed of Terrier and English Bulldog. Originally it was bred as a bull chewer and for dog fighting. In the course of the 19th century, he established himself as a family dog and was also used as a guard dog and for hunting vermin. The breeding of the Bull Terrier was temporarily banned in the 1990s and the keeping conditions were severely restricted. Even today, the Bull Terrier is considered a “fighting dog”.
The Bull Terrier has a strong and very muscular physique. Characteristics are its “down face” and the egg-shaped head.
Both males and females reach a size of approx. 50 cm.
Most Bull Terriers weigh between 24 and 30 kg.
Coat colors and length
The Bull Terrier’s coat is short and smooth and is usually white or black and white. The colors white-brindle, white-red, or white-fawn are also possible.
Character and essence: a powerful bundle of energy
Even as a puppy, the Bull Terrier is powerful and full of energy. He can be stubborn and stubborn, suspicious of strangers. Nevertheless, he is very balanced and can hardly be disturbed. He is people-friendly and also reacts calmly to hustle and bustle and many people (e.g. in the city).
Attention when keeping: in many federal states a banned fighting dog
Despite its bad image, the Bull Terrier is a good family dog. He likes long walks and is very agile and playful. In most states, this breed is on the list of dangerous dog breeds, and keeping them is severely restricted or even banned altogether. An import to Germany is completely forbidden.
Education without uncertainty
The Bull Terrier needs consistent training right from the start and is by no means a suitable dog for beginners. If its owner signals insecurity to it, it will take advantage of this and try to become the pack leader itself. When raising this breed, a strong hand and a lot of assertiveness are required. Since he can react suspiciously and is short-tempered to strange dogs, he should be well-socialized from an early age.
Care and health
The Bull Terrier’s coat does not require any special care. However, it should be brushed regularly to remove dead hair.
There are no breed-specific diseases in the Bull Terrier. Occasionally, joint and especially knee problems and skin irritation can occur.
The Bull Terrier’s diet is uncomplicated, as it is quite undemanding when it comes to food. His feed should still be of high quality and also low in fat and easily digestible.
The Bull Terrier reaches an average age of 10-12 years.
Buy bull terrier
A Bull Terrier is a demanding dog and not suitable for beginners. He must be brought up consistently and without violence from the start and socialized well. Therefore, he should only be bought from a reputable breeder.
The Cairn Terrier is a small terrier from Great Britain, which is quite unknown in Germany. In the UK, they are a very popular middle-class dogs for singles and families. The small terrier has a breed standard with the FCI and can be found under the FCI group 3 terriers. There he is counted in Section 2 Small Terriers without a working test and has the standard number 4.
Origin and breed history
The Cairn Terrier is a descendant of the Scottish Jagdterrier and is therefore closely related to the Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, and the West Highland White Terrier. Of these four different terrier breeds, it is the youngest representative of its own breed and was only recognized as an independent breed in 1911. He is one of the many Scottish terrier breeds that all have the same origin.
Lovers of the breed assume that the Cairn Terrier is the most similar to the original Scottish Jagdterrier. He has a high hunting instinct and is very loyal to his owner, although he can work well independently, these are characteristics that show his originality and that also apply to the ancestors of the Scottish Jagdterrier.
The name of the breed is very closely linked to its history. Cairn Terrier can be derived from the word Carn. The word carn comes from Gaelic and means something like a pile of stones. This also points well to its homeland, which is defined by its rocky highland areas. In the western Highlands of Scotland, where the Scottish Jagdterrier and Cairn Terrier are used as hunting dogs, there are many piles of rocks in which prey hide. Above all, otters, foxes, and badgers, the terrier hunted down the animals in their stony hiding places and captured them independently. The reference to the stones in the name shows not only the hunting use but also the color of the fur. Because the rocky landscapes in the western Scottish highlands have the same color schemes. There is a sandy beige or a slate gray, both of which are approved breed colors.
Nature & character of the Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier is a pretty typical terrier. He is a very robust dog who goes through life actively and courageously. He is very independent and self-confident, but he can be trained well by his owner. He still has an absolute suitability for hunting and is a good family dog. His demeanor is confident, but by no means aggressive. The Cairn Terrier gets along very well with other dogs, as it was also used as a pack dog. However, he can also be kept very well as a single dog and, despite his independence, can bond closely to his owner.
The Cairn Terrier is a very child-friendly dog and is highly valued as a family dog precisely because of this good quality. He loves to romp around with children and is still confident enough to represent his point of view with the children. He is neither hectic nor nervous and can be very patient.
In its own territory, the Cairn Terrier tends to bark loudly to report uninvited visitors, but it is not a constant barker and with appropriate training, it will remain calm and relaxed even when the blades sound. In general, early training makes sense so that the dog knows its limits and follows the commands of its owner. He is undemanding in keeping as long as he has enough exercise and activity, he also enjoys spending time with his family and can be very affectionate.
The appearance of the Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier has a very distinctive appearance that is perfectly adapted for its hunting use. What catches the eye with the little dog is its fur. The Cairn Terrier has a weatherproof double coat. The Cairn Terrier’s coat should be very dense and rather harsh at any time of the year, but not wiry. The undercoat is rather short and much softer than the top coat. The coat should not show any curls, only slight waves or straight hair is allowed.
The coat colors of the Cairn Terrier are very limited, according to the FCI breed standard, the coat colors cream, wheaten, red, gray or almost black are allowed. Darker markings on the ears and muzzle are partially allowed. The sand-colored or cream variant is particularly preferred.
The Cairn Terrier’s build is defined by a deep chest and forward paws. The hindquarters should be strong without exaggeration. The furry nose has short legs that carry the dog stably and make it very agile and maneuverable. He has a height at the withers of about 28 to 31 cm and should weigh between 6 and 7.5 kg. His gaze is attentive and curious. He is quick to respond to movement and is a very active little dog.
What does a cairn terrier look like?
The Cairn Terrier bears a close resemblance to its relative, the West Highland White Terrier. He has a slightly protruding medium-length fur, which is usually sand-colored or gray. His ears have a rounded triangular shape and he has an alert look. At 28 to 31 cm, it is a rather small dog that boldly punches its way through any undergrowth.
At what age is a Cairn Terrier fully grown?
The Cairn Terrier is fully grown at around 10 months. At this age, the dog may be fully grown physically but it is still a young dog mentally and still needs a lot of training and time.
Cairn Terrier training and keeping – this is important to note
The Cairn Terrier needs good training and socialization so that it can live as a family dog in harmony with its environment. Patience and motivation are required during training, and positive reinforcement should also be used so that not only does the dog obey, but also so that the bond between human and dog works better.
The Cairn Terrier is not suitable for dog beginners because, like many terriers, it has a mind of its own and is not easy to train. Due to his independence, he can question some orders and needs a lot of conviction and motivation to continue training. Dog-experienced people know how to deal with such behavior. In addition, the Cairn Terrier has an innate hunting behavior that requires special anti-hunting training so that the little terrier can walk without a leash. If such training is unsuccessful and the Cairn Terrier still chases after every rabbit or other wild animal, it can only walk off a leash in fenced areas.
Since the Cairn Terrier is very adaptable, he quickly gets used to different living conditions and can also find his way around in a hectic everyday life in a family. Nevertheless, he should be socialized at an early age so that he gets to know all sorts of everyday things and situations early and with a lot of time and patience. As a result, he will be a very relaxed and self-confident dog in everyday life, who knows no fear.
The Cairn Terrier usually has no problems with other dogs, but it should still get used to other dogs. Because he is very sociable, he should be allowed to play with other dogs on a regular basis.
Due to its high urge to move, a dog sport is highly recommended for the Cairn Terrier. He is very good at lunging and agility, as these sports encourage obedience and require a lot of exercises.
The Cesky Terrier is a small hunting terrier from the Czech Republic. He was purposefully bred to be an easy-going hound for hunting foxes and badgers. The small terrier is also very popular as a family and companion dog because it has a calm nature and is a loyal companion. The Cesky Terrier can also be found in the FCI, where it is in the FCI Group 3 Terriers, Section 2 Small Terriers without a working test with the standard number 246.
Origin and breed history
The Cesky Terrier is a relatively young breed of dog that only emerged around 1950. She was purposefully bred to have a new active hunting dog for foxes and badgers that listens well to its owner and is easy to lead. The dog originally comes from the Czech Republic. There he is also referred to as Bohemian or Czech Terrier.
Breeding was managed by award-winning Czech cynologist Frantisek Horak. He began to cross the two talented Jagdterrier breeds, the Sealyham Terrier and the Scottish Terrier. The animals of this breed were easy to lead and yet very active in hunting small game and predatory game. The breed was only given its name in 1959 and was then still referred to as the Czech Terrier. It took four more years of intensive breeding before the dog breed was recognized by the international FCI. This makes it one of the youngest terrier breeds to be recognized by the FCI. In its appearance, the relationship to the Sealyham Terrier can still be clearly seen, but the Cesky Terrier has characteristics and is considered to be more obedient and easier to lead.
Due to its good nature, the Cesky Terrier is very well suited as a family dog, which is why it is still used for hunting but is primarily kept as a loyal family dog. Outside of his homeland, however, he is still quite unknown.
Nature & character of the Cesky Terrier
The Cesky Terrier is a good companion for its human and is characterized primarily by its calm nature and its very docile nature. This makes him a rather atypical representative of a terrier. Despite his rather sensitive nature, he is a good hunting dog and can still be actively used for hunting. Its special feature here is its very good controllability. He will listen to his owner’s smallest commands if he has received a good education. In addition, he is very sensitive to the mood of his owner.
With his family he is open and yet calm in his basic character, while with strangers he is rather reserved and distant. However, he does not show any aggression and does not tend to bark. On the contrary – he enjoys every kind of tenderness and remains very calm and relaxed even in stressful situations. Therefore, he is also a good beginner dog and is just as suitable for families as for seniors. He has an excellent sense of smell and will respond to wildlife tracks and game sightings, once learned to do so he will refrain from hunting with a simple prohibition from his owner. He may tend to be alert, but without aggression or wild barking. He observes his surroundings and draws his conclusions from human behavior.
The Cesky Terrier shows its terrier nature primarily in its joy of movement. He likes to play with his people and gets enthusiastic about various dog sports. In terms of keeping, he is quite undemanding, but still needs time with his caregiver and should not be left alone for too long.
Is a Cesky Terrier a family dog?
The Cesky Terrier was actually bred to hunt badgers and foxes, but due to its particularly good character traits and good obedience, it is also a very good family dog.
The appearance of the Cesky Terrier
The Cesky Terrier’s coat is medium-long and particularly fine, with most animals having slight or even strong waves in their fur. Only two colors are allowed as the basic color in the FCI register. Once a grey-blue and a milk coffee brown. Both variants may have darker markings on the muzzle and paws.
His appearance closely resembles that of the closely related Sealyham Terrier, although he has a slightly calmer personality than the latter.
Training and keeping the Cesky Terrier – this is important to note
The Cesky Terrier is good for beginners as it is a very docile and calm dog. He wants to please his owner and is not overly energetic or active. Training should always be positive, as the Cesky Terrier is a sensitive dog that reacts very sensitively to a hard hand. Especially since this is absolutely not necessary since he likes to work together and is a loyal companion.
Good socialization should also take place in the upbringing, otherwise, he could be more prone to jumpy behavior in some situations. In addition to good socialization, attention should be paid to the dog’s hunting instinct. Whilst the Cesky Terrier is generally very controllable, it is still a hunting dog and without any limitations will probably tend to chase the game when it spots it. In everyday life, he is a quiet dog and a loyal companion, he has no problems with other dogs and is usually very well-tolerated. However, there is one important thing: Since the Cesky Terrier likes to be with his owner and is quite sensitive to sudden changes, he must be taught to stay alone at an early age.
Agility, dog dancing, lunging, and many other active sports are suitable as dog sports. With his good nose, he can also be trained as a rescue dog or as a faithful assistance dog that supports his people. The Cesky Terrier is even happy to accompany you on a bike or when you go horseback riding.
How long can I leave my Cesky Terrier alone?
The Cesky Terrier does not like to be left alone, they have to learn this very early and should still only be alone for a maximum of three to four hours a day.
Nutrition of the Cesky Terrier
The Cesky Terrier does not have a sensitive stomach and due to its active nature it is rarely overweight. However, there are a few things to keep in mind when it comes to nutrition. The food should be tailored to the needs of the active dog and should not contain any unnecessary additives such as grain or flavor enhancers. Meat should be the main component of the feed.
Regardless of whether the owner wants to feed them wet or dry food, they should pay attention to the age recommendation for the food. A growing puppy needs special support from its food, which is why it should be fed puppy food until it is eight months old. In senior dogs, the nutritional requirements for the maintenance of the internal organs change, which is why they should be given senior food from the age of seven or eight.
With a diet change, the Cesky Terrier can tend to become fussy about food. Therefore, the feed should always be changed very slowly. Even when giving treats, the dog’s normal food should be used rather than special snacks.
In addition to normal food, the Cesky Terrier can regularly get dog chews, these satisfy his urge to chew and are healthy for the dog’s teeth.
Is the Cesky Terrier right for me?
The Cesky Terrier is a very good beginner dog that follows its owner faithfully and still likes to be actively involved in all activities. Anyone who decides to get a Cesky Terrier should be aware of the sensitive nature of the dog and have both the time and the motivation to deal with the dog every day. The Cesky Terrier is reluctant to be alone and needs interaction with its humans. He gets along well with other dogs, but usually prefers socializing with his family. For seniors, he is a good companion and, above all, a sensitive companion. He enjoys his owner’s attention and is very sensitive to his owner’s moods.
The Cesky Terrier is also a good choice for people who are interested in various dog sports. He is a healthy breed of dog with energy and endurance. Because he also has good obedience and enjoys working with his owner, he quickly learns new things.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier has a distinctive head that is impressively framed with silky hair. Perceptive, intelligent eye expression that compensates for a long, low-set, weasel-shaped body. Short strong legs, weatherproof coat.
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a brave, hardworking terrier; independent, highly intelligent, determined, tenacious, sensitive, affectionate, and dignified.
Philosopher among terriers, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a thinker who seems to think twice before acting. With his dark, round eyes he looks at the other person as if to say: “I’ve already forgotten more than you will ever know.” In the subject “Obedience” he performs rather poorly since at first he mostly seems to ask himself whether obeying is worthwhile. However, he is affectionate, gentle, cuddly, and calm, but despite his high stimulus threshold, he can become a “true devil” once his blood starts to boil. Despite his clairaudience and alertness, he rarely barks for no reason.
With the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, you can live well in your own family. He is often extremely skeptical and reserved towards strangers and especially children.
History: Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is indisputably a close relative of the Bedlington Terrier. Both breeds probably come from the English-Scottish border area and the southern hill country of Scotland.
Originating from various crosses with hounds, this short-legged fox and otter hunter was kept by itinerant musicians and tinkers as early as the 18th century. Because of his excellent construction dog qualities, however, farmers and landowners soon also took a liking to him.
First known as the “Pepper” or “Mustard” Terrier at the time, it gained its romantic place in the canine world because its current breed name comes from literature. In the novella Guy Mannering, Sir Walter Scott portrays these smart, nimble, fearless fellows as having a close bond with their owner, Dandie Dinmont.
After the novel was published, the demand for these dogs increased rapidly. Sir Walter Scott held them, and Queen Victoria received a Dandie as a gift from her prince consort. The first club was founded in England in 1875. The breed is still little known in Germany. Since the first entries in the 1940s, there have only been around 1,400 stud book entries.
Coat: Dandie Dinmont Terrier
A very important feature of the breed. Double coat with a soft, fluffy undercoat and a harder top coat that is frizzy and not wiry to the touch. The hair should not part down the back but should be laid out in tufts, as the harder top coat grows through the softer undercoat. The front legs have feathers about 5 cm long. The top of the tail is covered with wiry hair, while the hair on the underside is not so harsh; there is an abundant feathering of softer hair.
Glen of Imaal Terrier
The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is of medium size with medium length coat giving the impression of great strength and maximum substance for the dog’s size.
The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is active, agile, working silently; if necessary, determined and spirited with great courage, otherwise gentle and docile, radiating a lot of personality.
His loyal, loving nature makes him a very valued house and companion dog. The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is said to be less excitable than other terriers, although they are always ready to give chase if necessary.
History: Irish Glen of Imaal Terriers
Like many other breeds in the terrier group, which went unnoticed by posh hunters until the mid-19th century, the Irish Glen is not the result of recent breeding experimentation, but rather is an ancient breed, though it has been singled out for a long time was ignored. Its range is severely restricted to the barren, harsh area of Ireland’s Glen of Imaal. Descended from soldiers who received land in exchange for their service to the British Crown in the 16th and 17th centuries, the farmers of this region had to use all their innate cunning and dexterity to survive in this harsh terrain. A dog that couldn’t hold its own in the daily struggle for survival would not have been tolerated.
So the Irish Glen had to drive wheels for many hours, and he was also often sent into the arena in the dubious “sport” of fighting other dogs, a practice that is now a thing of the past.
Before the Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier made an appearance at dog shows, generations of hard work had developed the breed into the strong, tough dog we know today. The Irish Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1934 and a club was soon formed to promote breed interests.
Coat: Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier
Medium length, rough texture with soft undercoat; the hair may be trimmed so that the contours of the dog are smooth and neat.
Blue tabby, but without any trace of black. Wheat, from light wheat color to reddish-gold hue. Puppies usually conform to their type at birth; they are wheat-colored, reddish, or blue. The mask is usually black-blue; a blue stripe can be on the back, tail, and ears. These darker markings lighten as they mature.
Dog lovers who are looking for an agile dog will have a lot of fun with the Irish Terrier. The animal is characterized by its diversity and adaptability. The breed portrait reveals whether the animal is also a beginner’s dog.
The Irish Terrier belongs to the FCI group 3 of terriers. He is assigned to Section 1.
Origin and breed history
The long-legged Irish Terrier is primarily known for its red coat. That is why he is also called “Red Ire” or “Red Devil”. However, today’s fur color was not always a typical feature. The past shows a colorful spectrum of colors. For example, the Irish terrier wore a wheat-yellow coat, while the English terrier’s coat was black and tan. The “Red Devil” – as most know him today – already existed in southern Ireland in the 19th century. Targeted breeding of the breed began there in 1870. Nine years later the Irish Terrier Club was founded in Dublin.
Originally, the terrier breed was intended for underground earthwork. Hence the name “Terra” comes from the Latin. The word means “earth”. The high-legged terriers – like the Irish terrier – ran in large-scale, elegant par force hunts of the absolutist princes. It was the task of the Irish Terrier to track the fox to its den and to pursue it underground with the aim of blasting the fox out of its den.
The original hunting dog also proved to be useful around the house and farm. He protected rabbits, pigeons and chickens from foxes and martens. The fearless and courageous four-legged friend kept the yard away from rats and mice.
The Irish Terrier was the first breed to be officially recognized by the British Kennel Club.
Nature and character of the Irish Terrier
The dog connoisseur describes the Irish Terrier as a robust and wide-awake boy. He gives his vigilance and attention to his environment without any aggressiveness. At the same time, the former hunting dog can show itself to be quite defensive and fearless when it takes up a defensive position. But other dogs don’t have to be afraid of the Irish Terrier. However, his conspecifics can count on him being able to hold his own against them if necessary. The Irish Terrier is still used today as a working dog in its homeland. The focus is on working as a hunting dog, guard dog, and farm dog.
The dog lover must not be deceived by his dynamic and rather slender appearance. The Irish Terrier is a very strong animal with a lot of stamina that wants to be lived. Although this breed does not like to resist its urge to move, the dog is neither nervous nor overly ambitious. In contrast to other dog breeds, he moves well and not awkwardly.
Apart from the simmering hunting blood that flows in the Irish Terrier’s veins, he has an amiable character without being obsequious. With the right amount of self-confidence, he makes it into the hearts of his favorite people, to whom he shows himself as loyal and devoted. Although he is often referred to as a daredevil, today he is also considered a companion and the family dog.
The appearance of the Irish Terrier
An Irish Terrier can be recognized at first glance by its reddish short coat. In rare cases, the noble animals also come with wheat-colored fur. The coat of hair is dense and wiry. With a height at the withers of up to 45 cm, it is one of the medium-sized dog breeds. Males are usually a bit larger than females. They weigh between eleven and twelve kilos, depending on their height.
The body appears almost square with vertical legs. The always-pricked ears underline the wide-awake appearance of the terrier. He also looks as if he could “switch on” his muscular body at any time.
How big is an Irish Terrier?
The average height at the withers is 45.5 cm.
Upbringing and keeping the Irish Terrier breed – this is important to note
Basically, keeping the Irish Terrier is not a problem. When training the Irish Terrier owner, it should always be kept in mind that it is a former hunting dog. The hunting instinct is given by nature and cannot be suppressed. Rather, the pet owner must learn to deal with the temperament of the Irish Terrier. Conversely, the dog should be able to be trained. With an original hunting dog, this only succeeds if the training is carried out in a consistent manner without showing any indulgence.
The intelligent Irish Terrier knows how to take advantage of negligence. The role of pack leader can quickly fall into his paws. The educator usually makes it clear to the dog what the house rules are and what roles are assigned.
The robust nature boy likes to be a bit rebellious towards other dogs. He is not afraid to fight with other dogs. If the Irish Terrier is well trained, he is peaceful and obedient to those around him. The animal can also be taken on trips if it has been accustomed to the transport box from an early age.
If there are other pets in the Irish Terrier’s home, he should be raised with them. Otherwise they may represent prey for him. Because the dog is considered easy to train despite its temperament, it is also well suited for a beginner.
Diet of the Irish Terrier
The Irish Terrier is an agile dog that needs quality nutrition. The Irish Terrier owner can choose wet or dry food. The protein content must be right for the organism to remain healthy. For this reason, dog food should consist mainly of meat. Now and then the dog likes a juicy, meaty beef bone. The animal is also well suited for barfing. For a sufficient supply of vitamins, some vegetables or fruit may be added.
The energy requirement, on the other hand, depends on the daily movement of the dog’s legs. The calorie intake should always be in proportion to this. Regular weight checks are recommended. In addition, the usual nutritional factors, such as age and any existing diseases, should also be taken into account.
In order to support the chewing behavior, mistresses and masters can also offer the animal dry chews, such as cattle ears. In general, dried meat snacks are good.
The Irish Terrier can get stomach problems when changing the dog food. In this case, the feed change should be done slowly and step by step. The new food should only ever be added in small amounts to the usual food. The proportion of new food should be increased daily. Over time, the dog’s stomach gets used to it. Diarrhea, vomiting or stomach problems can be prevented with this approach.
In principle, any food for the Irish Terrier should not contain any sugar or other sweeteners. Also, there should be no grain additives.
Is the Irish Terrier right for me?
Although the Irish Terrier is also considered a companion dog today, the active four-legged friend is not a lap dog. The animal needs sufficient exercise to feel fully utilized. Daily excursions and walks are recommended, especially if the animal is kept in an apartment. The urge to move should be satisfied, otherwise, the former working dog simply feels under-challenged. If you intend to take your companion to dog sports, you should also bring the time for it. The Irish Terrier likes to be with its owner. Joint activities in the context of a game or dog sports also strengthen mutual relationship.
Because the dog does not need much space in its home, the animal can also be kept in an apartment. However, beginners who choose this breed must be consistent in their upbringing. If these requirements are met, the Irish Terrier is easy to train. For this reason, the breed is also ideal as a family dog. The sometimes playful terrier gets along well with children.
Active seniors who like to be outdoors and who are otherwise fit will enjoy the dog. Visiting a dog sport is not absolutely necessary. The dog also gets enough exercise when cycling or jogging.