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It’s important to know how many calories your dog requires to remain healthy and nourished. To begin, understand that, while the portion suggestions on the canine food packs you bring home are helpful, it’s not as simple as that. The reason for this is that the calories indicated by the manufacturer are only a rough estimate of how many calories an average healthy dog of any breed needs. These suggestions are comprehensive because they are generic and a number of important considerations like age, stature, climate, pregnancy, and so forth are missed. These aspects are crucial to examine because they have a direct impact on your dog’s health and the amount of calories they require.

How Many Calories Does Your Dog Breed Need? 3

To avoid dogs from becoming obese or overweight, pet owners should understand their dog’s nutritional requirements. Only by knowing about the real quantity of calories that their dogs require can pet owners help to reduce the worrisome rise in canine obesity. Before we get into the processes for calculating your dog’s calorie intake, it’s important to understand the elements that influence it.

This is how you calculate the average weight of your dog:

Steps Calculation
Measure your dog’s body weight in pounds and convert it to kilograms. Pound Conversion: 99/2.2=45Kgs
Measure RER: Multiply bodyweight by 70 (Important) 45*70 = 3150 – RER
Calculate Maintenance Energy (MER) 3150*3( For puppies)
Calories needed for puppies 9450 Cal

Puppies between the ages of 0 and 4 months – 3.0 x RER

2.0 x RER for puppies older than 4 months

1.0 x RER(bodyweight multiplied by 70) weight loss for ideal weight

1.2-1.8 times RER weight(bodyweight multiplied by 70) gain for ideal weight

Adults who have been neutered – 1.6 times RER

Adults in good health – 1.8 times RER

2.0-5.0 x RER for active, working dogs

1.2-1.4 x RER for inactive, obese canines

Calorie Requirement of Your Dog


Calories  Dog

Smaller breeds, contrary to popular belief, require more calories than their larger relatives. Because the metabolic rate of the smallest species is higher and faster, they require more food and energy. Smaller breeds are far more active than larger breeds, which is one of the main reasons behind this. The size of the dog is a significant element in deciding how many calories they require.

You should always offer your dog a balanced diet, regardless of breed or size; wet food is a terrific way to give your dog much-needed hydration, while dry food is required for maximum dental health. Because it’s crucial to have both in your dog’s diet, it’s a good idea to look for dry and wet dog food or offer them a combination of the two.


dog calories

Another important component in calorie calculation is age. Because of their high metabolic rate and activity, pups require twice the amount of calories that adult dogs of the same breed require. Geriatric dogs are the opposite of this situation. Another factor to consider is that older dogs have a lower ability to absorb glucose from carbohydrates. As a result, if senior dogs are given more calories, obesity and diabetes may develop.

Remember to keep an eye out for the signs that your dog is becoming a senior. This will help you regulate their diet accordingly.

Lactation or Pregnancy

Pregnant female dogs require up to 4-8 times the amount of calories as non-pregnant female dogs. The calories rise as the number of puppies in the womb grows. Increased calories are necessary for the development of puppies and the subsequent production of milk.


A calorie is equivalent to heat; dogs in colder climates require 2-3 times the amount of food as dogs in warmer climates. This is because dogs in colder climates require more calories to maintain a constant body temperature, as dietary lipids are their primary source of energy. Dogs in hotter climates already generate enough heat. As a result, they don’t need as many calories. Regulating their diet while learning to protect your dog from the heat can help them live safely and happily.

Illness or Injury

Any dog that has been hurt or has been ill requires additional nourishment. Extra calories can actually help in a case like this because most of the cells are busy healing the damaged cell or organ. The exact number of calories to be provided should be determined by a veterinarian. Multivitamin, calcium and other nutrients can be added to the diet prescribed by the veterinarian.

How to Calculate Your Dog’s Calorie Requirements

How Many Calories Does Your Dog Breed Need

Calorie requirements for your dog are also known as maintenance energy requirements. Calculating the food intake of your dog to avoid digestive diseases, obesity and parvovirus is like differentiating between Caimans, Alligators, and Crocodiles. Standard procedures are followed by veterinarians to ensure that your dog consumes the proper amount of maintenance energy.


You are welcome to analyze multiple graphs available online, but keep in mind that the figures are only for average healthy dogs. If you have any unanswered questions, please visit your veterinarian. We want you and your dog to have a long and happy life together!