The Pug is an ancient and consistently popular breed throughout its history. It is a wonderful companion dog for city dwellers.
- Breed name: Pug
- Country of origin: Ancient China
- Time of origin of the breed: 600 BC e.
- Type: decorative and companion dogs
- Weight: 7 – 11 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 28 – 32 cm
- Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
Brief Description of the Breed
Roundhead, square build, and curled tail – this is what a Pug looks like. Wherever he is, his wrinkled face and cheerful nature charm people on the spot. He perfectly finds rapport with other dogs, cats, and also with children. The Pug will perfectly fit into your family and in a short period of time will become an integral part of it.
Perhaps the Pug’s wrinkled face can make you doubt his friendliness, cheerfulness, and positivity. But, be sure that, despite such an appearance, a holiday and fun is going on in his soul. He is ready to laugh with you, ready to make you laugh. This dog brings a lot of positive emotions and impressions.
According to statistics, this particular dog breed is considered one of the most popular today. The Pug is relatively inexpensive, so everyone can buy it for their own home. Your children will definitely be happy to have a Pug in the family. It guarantees you and your children a good mood and will become a faithful companion during passive and active home recreation.
Pugs, like the Pekingese, appeared in China. A long time ago in China, such dogs were taken by the highest nobility to amuse them and amuse them. Today Pugs continue their ancient activities, but instead of the Chinese nobility, they amuse their immediate owners.
This breed is distinguished by good breeding and special attractiveness. Her genes already have decent behavior. There is no happier moment for this four-footed man than playing with his family. The Pug is ready to rush from room to room, jump, jump, and tumble. This gives a lot of pleasure, both to him and to the people nearby. Pugs are well-mannered merry fellows.
This breed does not differ in timid physical data. On the contrary, such dogs have well-developed muscles. They are stocky and powerful. They are ready to be great friends for your kids. But taking pugs for a morning run or a beach walk is not worth it.
Ideally, the Pug should not weigh more than 9 kilograms. If it weighs more, it is the result of overfeeding. Obesity is a major problem for Pugs and other dog breeds. You should always make sure your pet is in shape.
Also, Pugs cannot stand strong temperature changes. You should not take them outside when it is very hot or very cold. Their bodies cannot withstand such torture. Warm and mild weather can be an ideal time to walk. In general, it is desirable that the Pug is always in the house (this is his real element).
The Pug does not require special care, and its needs are minimal. When he is still small, you need to work on his body so that it gradually develops and gets stronger. Make sure your puppy does a variety of physical exercises. As you train him in the beginning, he will remain the same when he grows up. The Pug’s skin is smooth and not problematic.
Due to its great love for people, this dog can become very attached. Therefore, you need to make sure that the pet does not feel discomfort when you are not around. Don’t turn your Pug into a tame and helpless animal.
Who is This Dog For?
The Pug fits perfectly into the family and is unusually strongly attached to its owner. He is very sensitive and, if he sees that his master is depressed, he tries in every possible way to provoke him to play. He sits down next, draws attention to himself, makes faces, but they are so funny that everyone, whether he wants it or not, gets in a mood. Pugs are ideal as friends for children and older people because these dogs do not feel the need for a lot of movement. Also, these pets practically do not cause problems, so everyone can cope with them, even those who have absolutely no experience of keeping a dog in the house.
Do not expect the Pug to guard your home, because he loves guests so much that he will happily greet everyone. If the Pug is in the spotlight, there will be no limit to his joy. It does not tolerate loneliness very well, ideally if someone in the family constantly has the opportunity to be at home with the dog. It can bribe all household members with its ability to make various sounds: puffing, coughing, snorting, and it all depends on the situation and mood. You should communicate with this pet calmly and carefully because he perceives everything so closely that even a slight increase in his voice is a punishment for him.
The Pug is a massive dog with a square and powerful body. Has a fairly compact body, straight back, deep-set chest, and strong lumbar spine. The tail is tightly curled into a ring (usually double) and is worn from the side. The head is wide, massive, the muzzle is shortened. The outer part of the muzzle is covered with deep wrinkles that extend from the inner corners of the eyes to the outer part of the muzzle. The wrinkles on the forehead resemble a diadem. The eyes are dark, bulging, a kind look, the ears are small and thin, velvety to the touch, set high and wrinkled when worn, their shape resembles rose petals.
The way the Pug moves is very important, the dog should move with a characteristic rolling step. This step is typical only for dogs with the correct body structure, a flat topline, and straight hind legs, well placed under the body. A firm step and throwing the forelimbs high forward while running reduces the show grade of the Pug.
Coat and Color
The Pug’s coat is short, thick, and smooth. It is soft to the touch, if it is hard and wavy, this is considered wrong. The color of the pug is silver, yellow-brown, apricot, or black. If the coat is of a multi-colored color, then the mask, ears and the so-called diadem on the forehead must be black, forming a contrast with the main color. Pugs molt throughout the year, so they need frequent brushing.
The history of the origin of Pugs goes back to the Far East, this breed is considered one of the oldest. The first mentions of dogs, which in appearance resemble Pugs, date back to the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. n. e. During the Song Dynasty, these dogs were called Lo-Chang-Shi or Lo-Shi. Confucius described Pugs as short-legged and short-nosed dogs. Their images are found on figurines and porcelain vases from that period. These animals were considered very valuable, lived in luxury, and enjoyed universal respect. It is believed that the “Imperial Book of Dogs” depicts the ancestor of today’s Pugs, although his appearance is slightly different from the dog that we are used to seeing today.
In the 16th century, Pugs were brought to Holland on merchant ships, which very quickly became the favorites of the royal family, descended from the Orange dynasty. Particularly popular was a dog named Pompey, who sensed an approaching attack and sounded the alarm, thereby saving the life of its owner. After this incident, the Pug was depicted on the coat of arms of the Oran dynasty. It is believed that the Pugs came to England in 1688 together with Prince William of Orange, who later became king of England. During his reign, from 1689 to 1694, in the royal court, the Pugs took the place of the Pygmy Spaniels and became the favorites of all noble persons.
For their current appearance, Pugs should be grateful to the British, who founded the British Pug Club in 1882. Only in the 19th century, the fashion for them began to fade a little, but already in the 20th century, they again became dogs, which they began to appreciate at exhibitions, as well as companion dogs. Among the fans of this breed were such people as the philosopher William Hogarth, Queen Victoria, Napoleon, Louis XIV, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Josephine, fashion designer Valentino and many others.
The Pug has a great personality, the dog is a kind and very sociable creature. He loves to play and have fun, while the dog is considered not very active. In their youth, Pugs have more fun and run around the house faster, but with age, this desire in them becomes less and less. The duration of the Pug’s active actions is minimal.
This is a very kind, affectionate, and gentle animal. They are great for experienced dog owners and beginners alike. Pugs are excellent pets. They have a friendly nature and a calm temperament.
This breed is also distinguished by quick wit and great intelligence. You can easily teach the Pug different commands. The dog will keep you company while relaxing on the couch, watching your favorite movie, and taking a short walk in the park.
Is the Pug the perfect dog? Naturally not, like other breeds, this dog’s character has its drawbacks. She can steal food, constantly dig holes in your flower beds and gardens, bark loudly, and unreasonably. This can happen when the Pug is bored or when no one is looking after him.
Start training your Pug from the first days of his stay in your home. As a small puppy, he is ready to receive any information. No need to wait until he is 6 or 7 months old. At this age, Pugs become more stubborn and disobedient. Therefore, it will be very difficult to teach him something.
If you do not have time for training, then it can be taken to small courses for animals, where professionals will teach your Pug the basic commands. But in this case, you need to ensure that your pet is not infected by other dogs, which will also be brought for training to specialists. Vaccinations can be the best prevention.
Conditions of Maintenance and Care
Try to look after the Pug whenever possible: trim it and bathe it often. If you do not have time for this, then entrust this work to a specialist or a loved one.
It is very easy to trim the hair of a Pug. Brush all over the dog’s body and remove any dead hair. There will be a lot of them, it’s a Pug. They molt almost all year round and there is nothing you can do about it.
Clean the Pug’s wrinkled face, especially around the nose. Wrinkles appear very often in these dogs, so you will have to do the cleaning procedure often. After removing, wipe the wrinkle area with a cosmetic sponge and dry the area so that there is no infection.
Bathe your Pug in the tub (or basin) as needed. With the new gentle dog shampoo, you can bathe your pet weekly. In this case, the shampoo will not have any negative effect on the dog’s coat. Brush your Pug’s teeth with a special paste from the veterinarian, and also trim his toenails (preferably once a week).
Caring for a Pug – will cause you only positive emotions, there is nothing difficult and problematic in this. This dog is well worth grooming. Then she will definitely pay off with you with a cheerful mood and positive emotions.
Since Pugs are distinguished not only by their good mind but also by their perseverance and stubbornness, they quickly get bored with various monotonous exercises and games. This becomes a serious problem in the training of these dogs. And the frequent stupid antics of Pugs can generally become insurmountable learning barriers for an untrained dog breeder.
Fortunately, these dogs also have another quality – a great desire to please their owner. Therefore, with consistent and persistent training, success in training Pugs is guaranteed. These funny dogs love praise, so this pet’s tendency must be used in training. Always praise your dog for even the smallest success. Pugs are also distinguished by their love for delicacies, which can be an excellent reward for each completed command.
It is necessary to start training the Pug from the moment the puppy appears in the house. The first six months is the most important period. If you skip it, then the training will be much more difficult.
Many Pug owners are concerned that their pets are very difficult to toilet train. The thing is that Pug puppies, under the age of six months, find it difficult to control their stomach. This is a certain feature of the breed. So don’t be nervous. Be patient and persistent and your pet will certainly delight you and your family. The main thing is to give him positive emotions.
Pugs are prone to the brachycephalic syndrome. This is when the walls of the nostrils and the shape of the nose make it difficult for the dog to breathe fully. The first signs of the syndrome: cyanosis, noisy breathing, regurgitation of foam, difficulty swallowing, intermittent cough. An exacerbation of the syndrome can be caused by excessive obesity of the pet, and its constant presence in a hot and humid place. Therefore, it is very important that your pug is not overweight and that it is mainly in a cool and dry area. If the dog has a very strong brachycephalic syndrome, then it should be sent for surgery to correct the structure of the nose.
The Pug can also get encephalitis (this is an inflammation of the brain) and then the dog will have seizures. Death is also possible. It is not yet realistic to prevent and cure this disease.
Also, this breed can have orthopedic problems. In particular, necrosis of the femoral head may develop. This can prevent the Pug from stepping on its hind leg when walking. This disease is more commonly known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Pugs are more likely to develop Perthes disease than other breeds, according to a study by the American Pet Association. The first signs can be observed even at an early age of the dog (when she is only 3-4 months old). During this period, lameness appears. Then urgent surgery is needed, after which your pet can live a less normal life.
Pugs can also have vertebral damage. You will immediately notice this from the gait and behavior of the dog. Only surgery will help in this case.
In addition to all of the above, Pugs often suffer from toothaches. The structure of their mouth is very uncomfortable, so damage to the teeth is possible.
Despite their small size, Pugs can also have problems with the hip joints. But, compared to larger dogs, Pugs do not require surgery to treat their joints.
As soon as a Pug puppy appears in your house, forget about the chaotic feeding of the dog. You should always make sure that your dog does not become obese. Because it is one of the main sources of various diseases. Keep an eye on your pet now so that you do not overpay for treatment later.
- The Pug is considered the largest dog among the small breeds.
- Despite the fact that he has developed a love for people, he can be an excellent guard dog.
- Pugs are prone to snoring and snorting (if you want him to live with you, get used to it).
- They are brachycephalic. As a rule, this indicates the presence of a rather wide, but at the same time short head, as a result of which the face looks flattened, which is what Pugs are actually known for.
- Once Pugs were used by the military – nowadays it is difficult to imagine that these kids could take part in the battle, but they are indeed capable of skillfully finding objects. Throughout the 17th century, their duties included guarding and also serving as trackers to find missing people and/or other animals.
- Pugs are considered to be celebrities – this is not entirely true, but there are many stars who own Pugs. For example, some of them: Jessica Alba, Gerard Butler, Kid Rock, Brix Smith, Dave Ramsey, Hugh Laurie. There are many more examples, but there are so many of them that you cannot count all of them.
- Their facial wrinkles need regular cleaning. While their wrinkled faces are truly gorgeous, they still need some care. The area between the folds must be systematically cleaned to prevent the occurrence of infectious or bacterial inflammation.
- Pugs are the protagonists of several films. Perhaps this really makes them real celebrities. These kids have starred in films such as The Adventures of Milo and Otis, Men in Black, Pocahontas, Hotel for Dogs, and many others.
- On average, a Pug is able to run at a speed of 3.5 kilometers per hour. Unfortunately, these guys are somewhat slow and get tired very quickly. Therefore, if you are looking to get a dog that will accompany you during your morning run, then this breed is most likely not for you.
- The Pug was chosen as a symbol for the “Order of the Pug”. The Order of the Pug was considered a Masonic society that was formed after the Catholic Church outlawed Freemasonry. Most likely, this breed was chosen as a symbol because the representatives of this breed are friendly and trustworthy.
- Pugs are considered a dwarf breed. Since most members of this breed are relatively small, they are classified as a dwarf breed.