The Pit Bull Dog , or American Pit Bull Terrier, is one of those breeds known for being bullied and intimidated. “Pit Bull” is actually not a breed, but rather a term used to describe the American Pit Bull Terrier, Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, and Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
Some believe that the American Pit Bull Terrier is the same breed as the American Staffordshire Terrier. But others believe on the contrary that they are completely different breeds. Be that as it may, the American Kennel Club recognized the American Staffordshire Terrier but did not recognize the American Pit Bull Terrier, although the latter is a much more common dog.
A sad and often undeserved reputation as a “bad” fighting dog has led to the fact that the Pit Bull has become illegal in some countries and cities around the world. If you are the owner of a Pit Bull Terrier, then you should know that you can meet people who are hostile to the dog, who are misinformed about this wonderful dog.
With proper socialization and training, a pit bull becomes an excellent companion for children. He loves and respects his family members. American Pit Bull Terriers are loyal and truly loyal to their owners and, if necessary, will protect them to death.
These dogs are very intelligent and can learn almost all commands and tricks with ease. They take advantage of everything life gives them and love to participate in any family activity. Their minds remain “young” even into adulthood, which makes them cheerful and cheerful dogs. Once you get to know this breed better, you will wonder how you once lived without it.
- Breed name American Pit Bull Terrier
- Country of origin USA, England
- The origin of the breed is 1800
- Type fighting dogs
- Weight 20-30 kg
- Height (height at the withers) 49 cm – males, 44 cm – females
- Life expectancy 13 years
The Pit Bull Terrier breed was born over 300 years ago when dog fighting was popular in the world. Scientists believe that the ancestors of pit bull terriers are Old English Bulldogs and Terriers. In those days, the bulldogs that were taken out to bait bulls had a strong and courageous body, powerful muscles, and a huge jaw. All these traits have been passed on to modern pit bulls.
Pit bulls were mainly bred to participate in dog fights. The new breed has combined all the virtues of its ancestors – power, massiveness, agility, strength, agility, and speed. At first, the dog was called a Bulland Terrier, and it was perfect for fighting, easily defeating any opponent. Every year the breed improved and gained fame.
After dogfighting was banned in England in 1835, all fighting breeds became illegal, and in the middle of the 19th century, pit bulls ended up in America, where there was no ban. The dogs quickly became popular and received the official name “American Pit Bull Terrier”.
Here, in 1898, the first breeding club for the breed appeared, and those who were worried about the purity of the breed joined it. Surprisingly, the club is still active. Later, the owners of pit bulls achieved the right to participate in exhibitions: they developed the breed standards and in 1936 it was officially registered.
UKC Breed Standard
- Country of origin: USA.
- The head is large and wide, but not disproportionate to the body of the dog. In front, the shape of the head resembles a wide, blunt wedge. Seen in profile, the topline of the skull and muzzle are parallel to each other and connected by a well-defined, moderately deep foot.
- The skull is large, flat or slightly rounded, deep, wide between the ears.
- The muzzle is wide and deep, tapering from stop to nose.
- The jaws are strong and strong.
- Scissor bite.
- Ears natural or cropped, set high.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, set wide apart, and set low on the skull.
- Any color.
- The nose of any color with wide-open nostrils.
- The neck is dry, muscular, slightly arched, widening towards the withers.
- The shoulder blades are strong, muscular, wide, and set slantingly.
- The back is short and strong, sloping slightly from the withers to the base of the tail.
- The loin is short and muscular. The croup is slightly sloping.
- The ribcage is deep, but not too wide. The true ribs are moderately convex, close to each other, elastic, the false ribs are long.
- The tail is short in comparison with the size of the dog, set low, tapering towards the end. In motion and when excited, it rises to the line of the back.
- Legs with long, rounded, and strong bones without roughness or load. The pasterns are straight, vertical, strong. Paws are medium in size. The movements are light, springy. Walking in wobbling or pacing is not allowed. The thighs are long and muscular. The hock joint is low, the hock joint is short and vertical.
- The coat is shiny, short, close-fitting, rough to the touch, without undercoat; abdomen without hair.
- Any color except merle.
- Weight from 13 to 27 kg
Often, pit bull owners are faced with bias and hostility towards their pets. Meanwhile, these are wonderful animals, and the manifestation of anger on their part is nothing more than the result of the purposeful education of cruelty and aggression in them – qualities without which it is impossible to win a battle. People themselves made the American Pit Bull Terrier that way.
Competent training and early socialization allow you to get an excellent companion, reliable guard, and loyal friend. A courageous pit bull will love and respect all family members and, in case of danger, will protect them at the cost of his own life.
Pit bulls are intelligent and quick-witted, so they are easy to learn and quickly memorize commands. However, they are unusually stubborn and tend to dominate, so dog handlers do not recommend starting this breed for inexperienced dog breeders. The ideal dog owner is someone who practices fair and tough training combined with consistent and gentle discipline. Training will take a lot of time and effort to socialize the dog and teach him obedience.
The dog, adapted to society, takes part in any family activity with pleasure and remains cheerful and cheerful even in adulthood. Most owners of this breed claim that they are the best dogs in the world.
Pit bulls love children and are quite tolerant of childish pranks. But you need to understand that this is a fighting dog and it was not created for games. The child needs to be taught that the dog should be treated with respect. Do not disturb her while sleeping or eating, pull her ears or tail. No pit bull will tolerate such an attitude towards his person. For safety reasons, it is forbidden to leave children alone with a dog, even if it is small!
An uncontrolled dog should be kept in a confined area, especially when it reaches puberty. At this time, the dog is trying to become the leader of the pack, so he needs special control.
Training and Education
From childhood, pit bulls need to be taught obedience, and throughout the dog’s life, he should be reminded – who is the boss in the house. Experts advise the owners of this breed to consult a dog handler and take a training course so that the dog learns the basics of obedience.
After the pit bull learns the simplest basic commands, he can start a protective guard service. He has a mind, and a keen ear, a sense of smell, and hunting skills for this.
If the owner decides to train himself, then you need to know that there should be no aggression and cruelty on his part. A pitbull must learn by playing.
Care and Maintenance
Pit bulls are suitable for keeping both in the apartment and in the house. But do not move them to the kennel, since these dogs do not tolerate cold well due to their short hair, their paws often freeze. Also, be prepared to walk with him for a long time – at least 2-3 hours a day.
Despite the fact that pit bulls have short hair, they shed twice a year – during this period they need to be combed out every day with a slicker. Watch your dog’s teeth, they need to be cleaned with a special brush and paste. Ears should be cleaned once every two weeks – in no case do not go into the ears with sticks, but wipe them with a damp cotton swab or use a special detergent to rinse them.
Pit bulls are recommended to be fed with a diet of 2 to 2.5 bowls of quality dry food per day, divided into two doses. However, the amount of food your dog needs will depend on many factors, including age, metabolism, body composition, and activity level.
To prevent obesity, measure the amount of food your dog eats, and feed him at the set time every day. The pitbull should have a clear waist when you look down at him, and you should feel his ribs under the layer of muscles, but not see them. If the ribs are under a noticeable layer of fat, then he needs a diet.
Pit Bull Terriers cannot be called long-livers and healthy people. Inbreeding (closely related crossing to consolidate breed qualities) leads to the transmission of genetic diseases by inheritance, so there are enough of them in pit bulls. To the credit of many breeders, they try to keep sick individuals from breeding and closely monitor genetic abnormalities. But if a puppy is purchased from a private person – on the market, according to an advertisement on the Internet – it is not known which set of genes he inherited.
The most common pathology in pit bulls is congenital heart disease. You can determine this ailment in a pet already at an early age: the baby breathes heavily and gets tired quickly. Subsequently, he becomes apathetic, suffers from shortness of breath, prefers to lie down, his tongue turns blue. At the slightest suspicion, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. If the treatment is started on time, the dog may well live to old age.
Vulnerable in pit bulls and the organ of vision. So, often the representatives of this breed are diagnosed with cataracts. Since they are oriented in space with the help of intuition and hearing, it is difficult to recognize pathology. However, if the owner notices that his pet constantly bumps into objects, misses during the game, you need to consult a veterinarian. Cataracts are treated but subject to timely measures.
Among the diseases associated with keeping a dog, the following can be distinguished:
- Obesity. A real scourge of domestic dogs. It leads to the development of heart disease, diabetes, and increases stress on the joints.
- Allergy. Pit bulls can have allergic reactions to pollen, dust, foods such as rice, beef, wheat, corn.
- Hypothyroidism develops in middle-aged individuals. The disease must be corrected with medication.
Like other dogs, American Pit Bull Terriers are not immune to infectious diseases, so it is extremely important to follow the vaccination schedule and carry out deworming in a timely manner.
Children and other animals
American Pit Bull Terriers love children, and certainly not for breakfast. Strong, energetic, tolerant, they make perfect playmates. However, no dog of any size should be left unattended with children.
When no adult can control the pit bull, the dog should be kept in a confined area. Upon reaching puberty, the pit bull will need to be especially careful when trying to become the leader of the “pack.”
Do not allow children to pinch the pit bull’s ears and tail. Teach them to respect any dog, and not to approach the animal while it is sleeping or eating.
Because of their fighting heritage, some American Pit Bull Terriers tend to be aggressive with other dogs. However, with early and proper socialization, this aggression can be minimized or eliminated, which is why most pit bulls are dog and cat friendly. Just for safety, they should not be left unattended with small pets.
How to Choose a Puppy
It is best to get a puppy in a specialized nursery. Conscientious breeders monitor the health of their dogs and exclude individuals with genetic pathologies from breeding, so the likelihood that the puppy will be healthy is significantly higher.
The future pet should be active and sociable, have a shiny coat without dandruff, a proportional body, a scissor bite, clean skin without rashes and irritations.
Any symptoms of pathologies, for example, increased lacrimation, lameness, unpleasant odor from the ears – a reason to think about the health of the puppy.
If there are plans for participation in the breeding of the breed, it is better to acquire a bitch. In addition, girls are more agreeable, disciplined, and calm.
For a show career, males are more suitable, but it should be remembered that they are more stubborn, wayward, and strive for leadership.