The Golden Retriever breed is a loyal family favorite and a great running companion. The dog is very intelligent, active, and athletic.
- Breed name: Golden Retriever
- Country of origin: Scotland
- Time of origin of the breed: XIX century
- Type: Retrievers, Spaniels, and Water Dogs
- Weight: 27 – 35 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 50 – 60 cm
- Life span: 10 – 12 years
Brief Description of the Breed
The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. He is friendly and affectionate, such qualities make the Golden Retriever an excellent pet, which is distinguished by tenderness and intelligence.
The Golden Retriever was bred to help hunters find the game they shot. These qualities have found their application in other areas of human activity: dogs of this breed are used to detect drugs, as well as to provide therapeutic therapy. Also, golden retrievers are real athletes, they can often be found at various competitions and competitions.
The growth of an adult male Golden Retriever is from 58 to 60 centimeters, and the weight can reach 30 to 35 kilograms. The height of the female varies from 50 to 55 centimeters, and the weight from 27 to 30 kilograms. As a rule, the retriever reaches its maximum height by the first year of life, and its weight by the second.
Not surprisingly, the Golden Retriever is one of the ten most popular breeds in the world. The main reasons for its popularity were the mind of this animal, its sociability, beauty, and devotion. The Golden Retriever was bred to help humans, so it is always eager to please its owner. In order for the dog to comply with all the described features, it is necessary to deal with it and show constant attention to the pet. Like any dog, the Golden Retriever needs early socialization. This is best done from day one. Systematic work on socialization will be the key to the correct development of the puppy.
Dogs of this breed are quite active. Many owners note that the first four years of their life, Golden Retrievers behave like children: they love to frolic and play various games. For many members of the breed, this behavior persists until old age.
Initially, Golden Retrievers were bred for hard work: searching for ducks and other game killed by a hunter. Therefore, they need daily active exercise: walking, jogging, playing with a ball in the yard, on the beach, or in the lake (note that these dogs love water). Exercise for your pet should be related to communication with the family because this breed is a family dog.
Future owners of a Golden Retriever should be aware that these dogs are not watchdogs. He, of course, can bark at strangers, but do not impose on this dog the duties of a watchman – it will not cope with them.
Golden Retrievers tend to molt profusely, especially in the spring and fall. Brushing every day will help prevent the fur from spreading around your home or clothing, but you won’t be able to get rid of the fur completely!
As we mentioned, the Golden Retriever is a family dog, which means it should live with you. That is, under one roof. The boundless activity of dogs of this breed necessitates daily active exercises, which must be given at least an hour! With enough attention, your pet will gladly take part in a variety of competitions and contests.
Despite the fact that Golden Retrievers adore children, their size nevertheless suggests that during the game the animal can inadvertently harm the child. These dogs love to eat, this tendency often leads to obesity. It is very important to follow the correct diet, give the animal a limited amount of food.
The popularity of Golden Retrievers has led to the fact that many dog breeders when breeding these animals are more concerned not about the health of the pet, but about the number of puppies. To get a healthy dog, never use the help of an unfamiliar dog breeder. Always look for a reputable and trusted breeder, otherwise, you risk becoming the owner of a puppy with various diseases.
For many years, it was believed that Golden Retrievers descended from the Russian Shepherd, which can often be found in the circus arena. In fact, the breed was bred in Scotland on the estate of Sir Dudley Majory Banks, who later became known as Lord Tweedmouth. He, like many rich people of that time, bred animals of many species, trying to improve this or that breed.
According to the surviving records of Tweedmouth from 1835 to 1880, it became known that he wanted to breed a golden-colored dog that would be distinguished by the ability to hunt waterfowl, the presence of a keen sense of smell, and boundless attention. Tweedmouth wanted to breed a dog that would surpass the Setters and Spaniels, which he used in the selection process.
The breeding process began with a yellow dog named Nous, which Tweedmouth acquired from a local shoemaker in 1865. After several experiments, the Lord decided to use Retrievers, Spaniels, and Irish Setters. The resulting dogs have become very useful to many hunters of the foggy Albion. The Golden Retriever was officially recognized as a separate breed by the English Kennel Club in 1911. Then he was classified as the “Yellow Retriever” or “Golden Retriever”. Already in 1920, the name of the breed was officially changed to “Golden Retriever”. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1932. Today the Golden Retriever is the second most popular breed in the United States.
Quite calm character is a distinctive feature of the breed. The Golden Retriever is a classic companion dog. These animals are obedient, benevolent, and friendly, get along well with children, as well as with strangers. The Retriever is unlikely to make a good guard dog. After all, these animals love people very much and easily make contact with them. Golden Retrievers are especially honored by hunters. These dogs, thanks to their incredibly keen sense of smell, have become their faithful helpers. The sense of smell has also become the reason that dogs are often hired to search for drugs. These dogs are suitable for large, active families.
Conditions of Maintenance and Care
The long hair of the Golden Retriever requires proper attention, which means regular brushing. In addition, the owner of this dog will have to brush his pet’s teeth daily. Golden Retrievers molt all year round, but the most active sheds occur twice a year. In order to prevent the spread of hair around the house, it is necessary to carefully comb the dog, especially in spring and autumn – during the active shedding process.
For dogs of this breed, a monthly bath is mandatory, as they are prone to unpleasant odors. Check the Retriever’s ears weekly. They should be free of irritation or signs of inflammation or infection. The ears are cleaned with a special solution, which is prescribed by a veterinarian. Do not use cotton wool when cleaning your ears. To do this, it is best to use soft tissue swab. If for some reason you cannot brush your dog’s teeth every day, then do it at least once a week. In principle, this will be sufficient to prevent the formation of calculus and bad breath from the mouth.
Golden Retriever puppies need multiple meals (4-5 times a day) at a set time. Subsequently, the frequency of feeding is reduced to 2 times a day. Feed the dog after the walk.
What to feed Golden Retriever puppies? At first, babies are fed soft food, but not liquid: porridge, soaked bread, certainly meat or skins. After 8 months, Retrievers are gradually transferred to two meals a day, replacing meat and skins with bones. An excellent source of vitamins for a dog will be a mixture of cereals cooked in meat broth.
When feeding Retrievers, it is important to follow the recommendations so as not to ruin the dog’s stomach. For example, it has been proven that you cannot feed a pet exclusively with meat. It is supposed to avoid excessive amounts of calcium, protein and normalize the intake of vitamins A and D. An overabundance of such elements leads to curvature of cartilage in the skeleton, and consumption of only meat (raw) will lead to volvulus of the stomach or intestines.
It is instructed to abandon the freeway of feeding, leaving a bowl of food. This leads to a loss of appetite in the dog in the future or to overfeeding. If the puppy has not reached six months of age, feed 3-4 times a day. If the puppy has already reached 6 months of age, switch to 3 meals a day. Upon reaching a year, it is advisable to cut the number of approaches to 1-2 meals a day. If you feed 2 times, give 70% at night, including meat in the indicated meal. During the night the dog’s stomach will be able to digest heavy foods, by the morning there will be a “productive” walk.
Golden Retrievers are real human pleasers. They try to do everything to please the owner. Therefore, there should be no special problems in teaching and training a pet. Representatives of this breed are an excellent choice for novice dog breeders because even a person who has never raised dogs can train a golden retriever without much difficulty. From early childhood, it is necessary to accustom the dog to a leash. The Golden Retriever hates the leash like no other dog. But this is easily corrected if you study from early childhood.
The list of the most common diseases in Golden Retrievers is headed by cancer, including lymphosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and bone cancer. Treatments for these diseases are expensive and, in most cases, ineffective. The exact fact of hereditary transmission of cancer in Golden Retrievers has not yet been established. But the frequency of their occurrence stubbornly indicates a genetic predisposition to these ailments.
Quite often, dogs of this breed have a disease such as hip dysplasia. This ailment develops when the bone develops in such a way that it does not enter or incorrectly enters the glenoid cavity. Dysplasia of the hip joint subsequently leads to the occurrence of arthritis, the complete cure of which is possible only with an expensive surgical intervention.
Another organ that is often hit by an insidious ailment is the eyes. Most often, eye diseases are hereditary. This is why it is important to check all medical certificates, including ophthalmologists’ reports, with the puppy’s parents. All documents must be original and certified by the relevant medical institutions.
Heart disease is also one of the most common in Golden Retrievers. Subaortic stenosis, a narrowing of the aorta that carries blood to the heart, is most common in these dogs.
Heart disease usually begins to manifest itself through a heart murmur. They can occur in both puppies and adult dogs. Narrowing of the aorta is a serious condition that can lead to the sudden death of your pet. That is why pay special attention to the condition of the Retriever’s heart. Examine it annually, visit the appropriate specialists.
There are other diseases that Retrievers may have, including epilepsy, ear infections, hypothyroidism. In general, it should be noted that these dogs are very weak in terms of health, so the owner needs to pay all his attention to the pet and his health.
- Golden Retrievers tend to molt profusely, especially in the spring and fall.
- Golden Retrievers are considered family dogs, so they should live with their family under the same roof.
- Golden Retrievers are active dog breeds. They need daily vigorous exercise for a total duration of 40-60 minutes.
- Although Golden Retrievers are affectionate and friendly and love to play with children, they should not be left alone with a child. Due to its activity and size, a dog can inadvertently harm a child.
- Golden Retrievers are real food lovers. This becomes a common cause of excess weight. This is why the dog’s diet should be monitored and given a limited amount of food.