Bull Terrier is a hereditary English aristocrat in a snow-white “suit”. His menacing appearance is just a mask, under which a sociable character is hidden.
- Breed Name: Bull Terrier
- Country of origin: UK
- Breed origin: 1862
- Type: Terriers
- Weight: 25 – 36 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 44 – 51 cm
- Life span: 10 – 12 years
Brief Description of the Breed
The Bull Terrier is a dog that is very attached to a person and tries to give all its attention and love to its owner. The main condition in the upbringing and training of a bull terrier: early socialization, otherwise the animal may show signs of aggression. Dogs of this breed are suitable for families with an active lifestyle.
It is difficult to confuse the Bull Terrier with other breeds. The specific shape of the head, the muscular body, and the wayward character of the dog are its hallmarks. This dog can be found in paintings by various artists and in many commercials. This animal is full of energy, with a soft heart, an immense love for children, and dedication to family. The pet loves to walk with the owner. He will always keep him company while jogging or just during active games.
Before you get this dog, you should know that there is a lot of false information about this beautiful breed. That is why it is important to know all the features of the Bull Terrier before making your choice in its favor. Knowing the characteristics of the breed will allow you to avoid disappointments and failures in education in the future.
The main advantages of this breed: easy care of the coat due to weak manifestations of shedding, trimming the nails, and caring for the ears as needed (on average, once every two weeks). Cons of the breed: requires thorough washing after walking in rainy weather, as well as the need for a constant stay with the family.
The Bull Terrier was bred by crossing a Bulldog and a Terrier. The main goal of breeding this breed was to breed a dog with the strength and tenacity of the Bulldog, and the attentiveness and agility of the Terrier.
The first Bull Terriers bred were of different sizes. Some dogs were small. Their weight was 2-4 kilograms, they were attributed to dwarf breeds. Others weighed 8 kilograms, and later dogs were bred, whose weight began to reach 22-30 kilograms, that is, dogs close in size to the modern Bull Terrier. It should be noted that the selection of these animals was successful because indeed the dog breeders managed to breed an animal with an amazing combination of the physiological characteristics of the Bulldog and the Terrier.
James Hinks, a renowned nineteenth-century English Bull Terrier breeder, became the dog breeder who brought the breed to its present state. During breeding, he used White Bulldogs and White English Terriers, which are now considered an extinct breed. Thanks to his perseverance, he was able to obtain an amazing dog, which, having gained popularity in the 19th century, has preserved it to this day.
Bull Terriers became a fashionable gimmick for urban men of the 19th century and have not lost their popularity over their century-long history.
The popularity of the animal carried over to the United States as well. The American Kennel Club recognized the Bull Terrier as a separate breed at the beginning of the last century, when some breeders began to cross it with Staffordshire Terriers in order to breed dogs of different colors. Such crosses were crowned with success. The breeder managed to get a multi-colored Bull Terrier. Colored Bull Terriers were recognized as a separate breed in 1936. Today the Bull Terrier is ranked 53rd among the registered breeds.
Bull Terriers are wonderful companion dogs. It is difficult to find a friend more loyal and reliable than this dog.
Aggression towards humans is not embedded in the breed. The standard is represented by balanced, thinking dogs. The uncharacteristic behavior of Bull Terriers in the overwhelming majority of cases is the result of incorrect content, incorrect upbringing, and the deliberate development of aggressive traits in the dog.
If the owner has competently brought up and socialized the pet, established friendly, trusting relationships with him, the Bull Terrier will never cease to amaze him with its excellent qualities.
This is a restless, cheerful, childishly active dog that loves to play and be close to the owner. The Bull Terrier has a sharp mind and high intelligence, he always evaluates the situation sensibly and carefully studies the people around him. This dog respects its master infinitely. She is loyal and obedient to him but demands the same respectful and friendly attitude in return.
Bull Terriers need socialization and competent training. These dogs are strongly discouraged by beginner dog breeders.
Conditions of Maintenance and Care
Taking care of a Bull Terrier is very easy. To keep the coat in good condition, brushing every week is enough to ensure a clean, shiny coat. The most active molt in these dogs occurs in spring and autumn, during this period it is necessary to comb the pet every day.
Bull Terriers do not require frequent bathing. Many owners of these dogs use dry shampoo or regular wet wipes. This is sometimes enough to keep the coat clean and to prevent unpleasant odors.
The Bull Terrier, like all dogs, requires monitoring of the condition of the ears. This must be done every week. A special solution prescribed by a veterinarian is used as a means for treating the ears.
Brushing your teeth weekly will keep your teeth healthy and prevent bad breath. As for the claws, they need to be trimmed as needed.
Most often, Bull Terriers are classified as those dog breeds that are not very picky, although sometimes there are incidents. You can feed the Bull Terrier with dry food or natural food.
- Feeding with dry food.
Choose food that is intended for dogs of a given breed or general, but depending on weight and age. A puppy needs more nutrients than an adult dog. They are taught to dry food from puppyhood. If fed with canned food, then closely monitor the expiration date. It is very important to study the composition of the feed before purchasing, to see its calorie content. The treat does not have to be dry food too, but you need to be careful with it so that the dog does not give up the food later.
- Natural food.
The main diet of the Bull Terrier is meat – beef. You can occasionally give poultry and fish without bones. Cereals are also cooked daily from any cereals, except for semolina and oatmeal. Vegetables are good for Bull Terriers, but he may refuse them. Usually, cabbage or carrots are added to food. Once a week, you can offer a raw egg or a drop of vegetable oil. It is helpful for your dog to eat foods that contain calcium, such as cottage cheese.
There are several feeding rules:
- Food is always served at the same time. The older the dog, the smaller the portion. And the bowl is left for 10-15 minutes unless the dog is then left alone at home for a long time.
- For treats, you can use the cheese, loved by all dogs. But if the dog gets too many treats, he will give up the main food.
- You can not give food from the table and prepared it for people. This can lead to two problems at once. The first is that the Bull Terrier will only require cutlets for food. Second, excess calories will lead to obesity.
- Vitamins should be given to the dog with a natural type of feeding. And also puppies under 18 months old are additionally given calcium.
- You should not give harmful products such as chocolate, chips, smoked meats, nuts, sausages, sausages. They contain many substances that are dangerous to the dog. Even regular meat can be processed with chemicals. Over time, they accumulate and lead to kidney disease, uremia.
- If your dog is starving for a long time, especially at a young age, you should try to find something that he likes.
- Changing feed is possible, but it is done gradually and infrequently so that the stomach has time to adapt. All food must be of good quality. The dog does not get tired of eating the same thing every day!
- When traveling, you need to take with you a supply of food familiar to the Bull Terrier, additionally, defend the water.
Bull Terriers are very smart. The learning process must begin at an early age. The lesson should be held in a calm atmosphere, and their duration should not be very long, otherwise, the dog will quickly get tired of it all, even if you use treats.
Education and training of these animals should be systematic, and persistence and exactingness will be required from the trainer. Sometimes, even after successful training, Bull Terriers can show stubbornness and simply refuse to execute commands. This behavior must always be suppressed.
If the family has small children, then the puppy should communicate with them from the first day of appearance in the house. Bull Terriers are very fond of children, but sometimes they can show aggression towards other children, so the dog must be taught to communicate not only with his own but also with other people’s children. In this regard, early socialization is very important, which will become the key to raising a healthy and affectionate dog.
Bull Terriers are enviable centenarians. They live for 11-14 years and do not have any special health problems. Their immunity is strong, so many dangerous diseases bypass them. However, this does not mean that you need to neglect routine vaccinations and timely treatment from external and internal parasites.
One of the typical congenital pathologies for Bull Terriers is deafness, but this applies mainly to white dogs. When Bull Terriers were first bred, about 10 percent of the birthrate was deaf. The advent of colored dogs reduced this danger but did not eradicate it. Puppies can still be born deaf, but now there is only 1 percent. Even if a dog has hearing loss in one ear, it is not allowed to breed.
Other hereditary diseases include:
- Detailed acrodermatitis. It occurs as a result of a lack of zinc in the body. An incurable disease. Identified by flat, inverted paws in puppies.
- Dysplasia of the hip joints (less often – elbow). Expressed in lameness.
- Renal failure It is more often diagnosed in mini-Bull Terriers, but it can also be found in the standard.
- Cardiovascular diseases. Due to their predisposition, one year before mating, Bull Terriers must be diagnosed with a heart defect.
- Luxation (dislocation, displacement of the lens). Severe eye pathology, leading to glaucoma and, as a result, to complete loss of vision. It appears at the age of 3-7 years.
- Patella (patella displacement). Leads to the development of arthritis.
- Allergy. If you ignore the immune response caused in most cases by food irritants, the dog will develop atopy in the future.
Obesity is another problem for Bull Terriers. Excess weight for bull terriers is extremely undesirable, so they need to be loaded with physical activity.
- Bull Terriers come in two colors: white and mixed colors. At exhibitions, they are presented in accordance with color, but there is no breed gradation in terms of color.
- Looking at the Bull Terrier, you see in front of you a strong, muscular dog with an elongated oval head, somewhat resembling an egg in shape. This is especially evident in dogs with white color.
- Bull Terriers have small, upward-pointing ears.
- One of the features of the breed is a short, but rather thick tail at the base.
- Bull Terriers are real movie stars. They have starred in hundreds of different films.
- Dogs of this breed are the only recognized owners of triangular-shaped eyes.