The German Boxer, or simply the Boxer, is a representative of a large, stocky, and smooth-haired breed. Bred in Germany, it is widely known for its excellent protective qualities. The Boxer becomes an excellent companion and true friend for his owner.
- Breed name: Boxer
- Country of origin: Germany
- The birth time of the breed: 1850
- Weight: 30 – 35 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 55 – 63 cm
- Life span: 8 – 10 years
Brief Description of the Breed
Boxers are muscular dogs with a square head. The animal looks impressive enough. Because of their playfulness and boundless energy, these pets are often referred to as “Peter Pen”. It is believed that Boxers reach their full maturity by the third year of life. Thus, the representatives of this breed are among the dogs with the longest maturation period.
The average height of a male at the withers is 58-63 cm, and he weighs an average of 35 kg. Females are 55-60 cm tall and weigh about 30 kg. Boxers were originally bred as guard dogs. Today these dogs are associated with familiar family pets.
The typical Boxer is an intelligent, attentive, and fearless dog, distinguished by friendliness. She is loyal to her family, loves to play, but at the same time, the pet is quite stubborn, especially during training.
Boxers are great companions, they are patient and not very demanding of themselves. Show a gentle disposition towards children. The main thing is to provide the pet with a sufficient amount of active exercise and exercises to developmental abilities. It is also important to make early socialization of the pet. If you are ready to provide the Boxer with enough attention and the necessary amount of physical activity, then you can keep him even in a small apartment.
Boxers were bred in Germany, and after the First World War, they spread throughout the world. The short, shiny coat can have a fawn or brindle shade with white patches. Breeding white Boxers is undesirable, as this color is mainly caused by genetic abnormalities that lead to deafness. Therefore, do not trust dog breeders who are trying to sell you a white Boxer, talking about his unique color!
Most Boxers have docked tails and ears. If the ears are not cropped, they will droop, although many breeders choose not to clip the ears of their pets. The issue of cupping is a purely aesthetic component.
Boxers are known for their endless love for family. Often these dogs are distrustful of strangers, but not aggressive unless they see a clear threat to themselves or family members.
Boxer owners around the world often admire the somewhat playful demeanor of their pets. This playful behavior indicates that the animal is in a good mood. Often these dogs play with toys, resembling cats in such behavior.
When in an aggressive state, Boxers arch their back in a semicircle. Also, Boxers can make rather strange sounds, similar to “woo-woo”. Thus, the animal tries to attract the attention of the owner or family members.
A Boxer in a good mood is a sight to behold. These dogs can spin, tumble, run in circles, radiating boundless joy and happiness.
Life for a Boxer is not only games and fun. These dogs have found wide popularity in military affairs. They are used in the army and police, in search and rescue operations. Boxers are often trained to perform guarding activities, which they, like the Mastiffs, excel at.
Experts do not recommend keeping these dogs outdoors for long periods of time. Their small nose is not able to cool the hot air well in the summer heat, and their short hair does not save from the winter cold.
Boxers are not the breed that suits everyone, but if you adore gentle dogs that do not mind drooling, then, in principle, you can have this wonder – a dog. The most important thing is to provide the animal with a sufficient level of physical and mental fitness.
Boxers are the descendants of German Bullenbeisers (dogs descended from Bulldogs). Bullenbeisers have been used as hunting dogs for centuries. They hunted bears, deer, and wild boars. The task of the dog was to catch and hold the prey until the arrival of the hunters. Over time, Bullenbeiser came to be used by farmers and butchers to guard livestock.
Today it is known for sure that the Boxer was bred at the end of the 19th century. Munich resident Georg Alt, who bred the Bullenbeisers, crossed a dog with a pet (unknown breed) of a certain city woman named Flora. As a result, a dog was bred, which was named Lechner Box. This is the starting point for breeding a Boxer. Lechner Boxing has later crossed again with a Bullenbeiser. Although the dogs obtained as a result of such crosses did not resemble modern Boxers in much, research shows that these animals are the progenitors of the Boxer.
Pictures of Boxer’s ancestors first appeared in John Wagner’s The Boxer, which was first published in 1939. It is here that it is said that the Boxer was bred by crossing the Bullenbeiser with a dog of an unknown breed, which belonged to a woman from Munich named Flora. The resulting cross was of small stature, brindle with white patches.
In 1894, three Germans: Robert, Koenig, and Hopper decided to bring the breed out and decided to show it at a dog show. This happened in Munich in 1895, and the very next year the world’s first Boxer fan club was organized.
Boxers, despite their activity, are obedient. They belong to guard dogs, therefore, nature is endowed with special vigilance. In dealing with children, the pet is friendly, but it treats strangers with caution, but when politely treated, it responds in kind. Aggression manifests itself only when it is necessary to protect your family. The personality of the German Boxer is influenced by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization.
Conditions of Maintenance and Care
Boxers have short hair, so grooming the dog is not very difficult. The Boxer is very clean, for which he is often compared to a cat. To keep the coat in good condition, one weekly brushing is enough. Dogs of this breed are bathed only as needed, usually once every three to four months.
A dog’s teeth require careful maintenance. Experts say that brushing your teeth every week will be enough to prevent tartar and gum disease. This procedure will also help prevent bad breath from the animal.
Ears require special attention. They should be examined carefully every week for irritation, infection, or inflammation. The ears are treated with a special solution on the recommendation of a veterinarian. Claws are cut as needed.
Experienced dog breeders claim that the Boxer is a dog for which dry food in combination with meat is quite suitable as food. To make the pet’s diet balanced, other healthy foods are also added. It is allowed to include cereals in the Boxer’s daily menu. It is permissible to mix with meat or give it to the dog in pure form.
Dry food is not recommended for daily consumption, there is a risk of nutritional imbalance. You shouldn’t skimp on the brand – quality is above all. When using food in your dog’s diet, ensure that your pet always has access to water. The water bowl is refilled regularly.
Boxers are often called eternal children because of their behavior. The learning process should be consistent, and the owner’s behavior should be confident and persistent. In no case should everything be allowed to the pet, otherwise training will not be crowned with success. Shouting or other forms of rudeness should be avoided. Persistence is not rude, you shouldn’t forget about it. After the dog has learned the basic commands, you can move on to more complex problems. Boxers achieve particular success in the performance of various teams, as well as in agility.
For a Boxer to live a long and happy life, it is important to monitor his health. A dog can easily catch a cold: you need to warm it in the cold, wipe it dry after walking in the rain, and bathing. Every year you need to visit a veterinarian for routine vaccinations. It is important to carry out deworming once a quarter and treatment for fleas (the frequency depends on the drug). Once a year, a preventive examination is recommended, which will help identify health problems and prerequisites for “breed” ailments. The diseases most commonly seen in these dogs are presented below.
- Allergies and dermatitis. In most cases, the dog’s body reacts to a food allergen, but flea allergies and atopic dermatitis are also encountered.
- Genetic diseases. Most often they occur in white boxers. This also includes the deafness of albinos. But genetic ailments (for example, aortic stenosis) can be diagnosed in dogs of standard color.
- Digestive problems. Volvulus, bloating, and poor permeability are due to poor nutrition. Such problems lead to serious diseases of the digestive tract.
- Dysplasia of the hip joint. This “breed” disease can be diagnosed at six months. The violation leads to dragging limbs, lameness.
- Spondylosis deformans. This is a disease of the spine that can lead to paralysis. Usually occurs at five to six years.
- Hypothyroidism The disease occurs against the background of a malfunction of the thyroid gland. The first signals are skin hyperpigmentation, hair loss, rash.
- Ophthalmic diseases. It is not uncommon for Boxers to have an inversion or inversion of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis appears from improper eye care.
- Brachiocephalic syndrome. Appears as a result of a too-short muzzle. A dog with this diagnosis breathes hoarsely, snores, suffers from shortness of breath.
- Oncology. Cancer is common in this breed. Usually, cancer is diagnosed after the age of five.
- Boxers are very energetic and therefore need a lot of vigorous exercises. You need to make sure that you have the time and desire to handle the dog and provide it with the necessary amount of activity.
- Early training is very important in training this dog. It is almost impossible to train a dog in adulthood.
- Although the Boxer gives the impression of a strong dog, his physiological characteristics make him intolerant to heat and cold. That is why dogs of this breed must be kept only in the house.
- Boxers mature very slowly, so they can behave like puppies for several years.
- Boxers do not just love to be with their families, it is their natural need. If the dog is left alone for a long time, then the animal will begin to show aggression.
- Boxers are among those breeds that have a lot of salivation.
- Despite the fact that Boxers have short coats, they are prone to shedding, especially in the spring.
- Boxers are easy to train. But due to the fact that these dogs clearly show a stubborn character, it is necessary to show persistence during training and training.
- A Boxer can be an excellent guard.
- To become the owner of a healthy puppy, do not purchase it from random breeders or pet stores.