As the name suggests, the Rat Terrier is a rat catcher. Since there are far fewer rats today than in previous centuries, the four-legged friend has evolved from being a pied piper to becoming a loving family dog.
What is the Rat Terrier?
The four-legged friend is known by many names. In addition to Rat Terriers, American Rat Terriers, RT, Ratting Terriers, Rats, Ratties and Decker Giants are also common.
As the name suggests, the Rat Terrier is one of the terrier breeds. It has not yet been recognized as an independent dog breed by the FCI. However, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes the breed.
There are also crosses with the dog breed, especially the Rat Terrier Chihuahua Mix, called Rat-Cha, is quite popular. And if you take a look at the photos of this crossbreed, you won’t be surprised, because the furry nose looks extremely cute.
What is the history of the Rat Terrier?
It originated in the early 19th century when the Manchester Terrier and the Smooth Fox Terrier were crossed. Later, the Whippet and the Beagle were also crossed. Italian Greyhounds are also believed to be in the origins of the breed.
Today it is undecided whether breeding started in England and the four-legged friends then came to the USA on ships of the immigrants, or whether breeding started directly in the USA.
In any case, it is certain that breeding continued in the USA. The USA is therefore also the official country of origin of the four-legged friend.
The breed became famous when the US President Teddy Roosevelt took in a representative of this dog breed. Roosevelt, a lover of the breed, also gave the four-legged friend his name, the Rat Terrier.
The dog’s name already indicates what the original breeding goal was: to create a dog that could help fight rats. The four-legged friend was used on American farms as a pied piper.
Because it was teeming with rats in the early 20th century, the Rat Terrier was one of the dogs most commonly seen on farms. However, in the 1940s, chemical agents to combat rats came onto the market, which is why the four-legged friend lost its area of responsibility on more and more farms.
As a result, the number of Rat Terriers fell sharply in the following years. But then his qualities as a family dog were recognized and the number of Rat Terriers slowly increased again.
What is the character of the Rat Terrier?
The Rat Terrier is the ideal family dog, so it is very child-friendly and loves to romp around with them extensively. In general, it is a very affectionate dog breed, which has a very friendly and cheerful character.
However, his energetic temperament requires people who appreciate it. It should be played with extensively and the Rat Terrier should definitely have the opportunity to let off steam outside every day.
The four-legged friend is characterized by his great curiosity, which is why it is a pleasure to discover new things with him and to teach him new things. He always wants to be challenged, so it is advisable that you try different dog sports with him.
This way you can find out what is most fun for you and your furry friend.
Doing sports together not only has the purpose of keeping your four-legged friend busy, but also serves to strengthen your bond. This way you can spend valuable time together.
Because this breed of dog is also considered to be quite intelligent, it’s a pleasure to teach them new commands and little tricks. The Rat Terrier wants to please his master or mistress as much as possible, so this usually does not cause any problems.
This makes the fur nose also suitable for beginners in dog ownership. As a rule, representatives of the dog breed develop a very close bond with all members of their human family.
They meet everyone openly and openly – mostly also conspecifics. For this reason, it is usually not a problem with the appropriate socialization if you have other pets.
However, it is quite different with strangers. The Rat Terrier is usually rather suspicious and reserved. That is why he is quite suitable as a small guard dog.
As the original rat hunting dog, you should expect the Rat Terrier to have a relatively strong hunting instinct.
The four-legged friend is suitable for being kept in a city apartment. But of course only if he gets enough exercise in the fresh air – preferably in large parks. Regular trips to the forest should also be included.
How big and heavy does the Rat Terrier get?
The four-legged friend usually reaches a height at the withers of 25 to 45 cm. It is therefore one of the small to medium-sized dog breeds. The four-legged friend reaches a weight of 4 to 15 kilos. The different sizes that the dog can reach are also known as toy (small dogs), miniature, and standard (largest representatives of the breed).
What does the Rat Terrier look like?
Most representatives of the breed have white-colored fur. This white coat color is spotted with patches of different colors – there are not only two-colored but also tri-colored Rat Terriers.
The spots can be many different colors. Possible colors are for example apricot, lemon, blue, chocolate brown, cream, silver, and black. Its coat color is comparable to that of the Parson Russell Terrier.
The dog’s coat is always short and smooth. Another feature of this breed is their triangular, pointy ears. The physique of the four-legged friend is quite compact and appears athletic.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a dog breed recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynélogique Internationale) that originated in Australia and Great Britain. According to the FCI standard, Jack Russell belongs to group 3: terriers, and to section 2: short-legged terriers.
Origin and breed history
The breed was started by an English clergyman and hunter, John (Jack) Russell. He bred the dogs out of the fox terriers. His bitch Trump, which he acquired in 1819, later became the progenitor of the breed. The idea behind the breed was to breed small, compact dogs for hunting prey such as foxes or other smaller wild animals that reside in underground burrows. The dog should be able to track the animals and herd them outside or follow them into the burrow.
Around 1850 the red fox spread to Australia and fox terriers were imported from England to hunt the foxes. A little later the direct descendants of John Russell’s bitch were brought to Australia. They were favored as hunting dogs because of their smaller size and short legs, making it easier for them to follow wild animals into the burrow. The Jack Russell was now specifically bred and in 1972 the first official Jack Russell Terrier Club was formed in Australia.
Over time, two breeding lines emerged, which differ in the size of the respective dogs. So today there is the long-legged Parson Russell Terrier and the short-legged Jack Russell Terrier. Until 1999, the two breeds were combined under the name of the Jack Russell Terrier. From 2000, a standard was set for each breed individually.
Today, however, there are still numerous breed clubs not affiliated with the FCI that breed a high-legged type of Jack Russell Terrier and recognize and sell it under the same name. The Jack Russell is currently a widespread dog breed, especially in Europe. However, he is now mainly kept as a companion dog and not as a hunting dog.
Nature & Temperament of the Jack Russell Terrier
The breed was originally bred and used as a hunting dog. The Jack Russell Terrier used to be a pure workhorse. Today, however, he has found his place as a companion dog in countless families. The characteristic features of a hunting and working dog are nevertheless firmly anchored in the nature of the breed. The Jack Russell Terrier is a very active dog that is bursting with energy. He has a strong hunting instinct and can also be described as alert and intelligent. He doesn’t generally lack self-confidence, which is why he is also considered fearless.
The Jack Russell Terrier is very playful and fond of children. However, he has a low frustration tolerance. In the event of intolerance with other four-legged friends, he can therefore quickly become short-tempered and react with loud barking. If you decide to get a dog from a shelter, some test walks should be done. Here, essential character traits of the dog and its reactions to environmental stimuli can be recognized quickly. Depending on past experiences, a shelter dog may respond to people, animals, or certain situations with unexpected behavior. The selection of the right dog should therefore be considered and approached with patience.
The appearance of the Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier is one of the small dog breeds and can reach a height of 25 to 30 centimeters at the withers. Its weight is 5 to 6 kilograms depending on its height. Its body shape is compact and elongated. In length, this dog breed can reach about 30 to 40 centimeters. Jack Russell’s snout is also narrow and elongated. The ears are V-shaped and folded down.
Jack Russell Terriers come in different coat types. The fur can be short and smooth or slightly longer and rough-haired. The fur color is predominantly white and tainted with brown, tan, or black markings.
Diet of the Jack Russell Terrier
Opinions differ on whether wet or dry food is better for the dog. A mix of both is probably the best alternative here. Feeding a Jack Russell is no more difficult or expensive than feeding any other breed. The diet should definitely contain meat. Vegetables and fruit can also be fed from time to time. As with other dog breeds, the amount of food should be adjusted to the activity level of the dog. Since the Jack Russell Terrier is a very lively dog, it should also be given a sufficient supply of energy.
Health – life expectancy & common diseases
The life expectancy of Jack Russell is 13 to 16 years. Overall, the breed is rather robust against diseases. Nevertheless, care should always be taken when choosing a breeder. Parents should be fit and free of any hereditary diseases.
Ataxia and myelopathy are diseases that are more common in Jack Russell Terriers, Parson Russell Terriers, and Fox Terriers than in other breeds. It is a degeneration of the central nervous system in the spinal cord. Ultimately, this also affects the legs of the dog. The disease usually occurs in affected dogs in the first few months of life and manifests itself with symptoms such as muscle tremors, among other things. Damage to the auditory nerve can occur, which can ultimately lead to deafness. The disease cannot be cured and can lead to dogs no longer being able to stand on their own. The breed is also more prone to eye problems, such as lens displacement or glaucoma.
Formerly known as the Aberdeen Terrier, the Scottish Terrier breed of dog is one of four terrier breeds that originated in Scotland. Since the end of the 19th century it has been registered in the breed club under the name Scottish Terrier or Scotterrier. The FCI runs the breed standard under number 73 in group 3: terriers, section 2: short-legged terriers, without a working test.
Origin and breed history
The Scottish Terrier is probably descended from short-legged and very predatory hunting dogs that were used in north-west Scotland, in the Highlands around the county of Perthshire, primarily for hunting badgers, foxes, and wild rabbits and for hunting otters. These very muscular terriers of that time probably had slightly longer legs than today’s “Scotties”, as the breed is affectionately known.
They showed themselves brave and fearless in the face of their well-fortified prey, but optically they did not have much in common with today’s breed standard. Just like the Scottish Terrier, the three other short-legged terrier species Cairn, Skye, and West Highland White Terrier probably also go back to these original Scottish hunting dogs.
In the middle of the 19th century, the targeted breeding of a separate terrier breed began in the Scottish city of Aberdeen. As early as 1879, these dogs, at that time still mostly with brindle coats, were shown for the first time at a dog show in England. There was initially a dispute about which of the various terriers originating from Scotland could claim the designation “Scottish Terrier”.
The founder of the Scottish Terrier Club, Capt. Gordon Murray, however, was able to assert himself in 1882, and so the “Aberdeen Terrier” finally became the “Scottish Terrier”. The founding of the Club for Terriers in Germany in 1894 finally established the breeding of the new breed in this country as well. In 1906, the first puppies were recorded in the stud book under the breed name “Scottish Terrier”. The mostly pitch-black terrier with the striking exterior quickly became a real fashion dog.
In the 1920s and 1930s, along with the fox terrier, it was one of the most commonly kept dog breeds. Many members of high society liked to adorn themselves with a Scottie at that time, until the breed was finally overtaken on the popularity scale by the poodle. Today, the breed is somewhat of a rarity, but continues to enjoy steadfast popularity among its followers.
Nature and character of the Scottish Terrier
The Scottish Terrier is considered one of the quieter representatives of the terrier breeds. Unlike these, the Scottie is not prone to frantic barking but is still an alert dog that would defend its territory and its pack of people at all times. He is absolutely faithful and loyal to his people. At first, he eyes strangers with suspicion and distance.
Scotties have a very strong sense of self and will never submit unquestioningly. Therefore, as the owner of this breed, you always have to assert yourself anew, which makes them rather unsuitable as a beginner’s dog. Patience, consistency, and a good dose of humor are required to find a harmonious coexistence with the stubborn Scottish Terrier.
But once this has been achieved, the Scot impresses with his dignified composure, his lively temperament, and his lively intelligence. Then he is a great family dog who can be a funny and persistent playmate, at least for older children, provided he has his own retreat where he remains undisturbed. However, small children and Scotties do not necessarily go together and must be sensitively accustomed to one another. The same applies to cats or other animals living in the household, with which the very young puppy should ideally become acquainted.
Since the Scottish Terrier, as an original hunting dog, had to be fearless in the face of very defensive prey, the breed has retained a certain passion for hunting. Free exercise in nature is therefore often not possible, which is why you have to offer him other forms of exercise and exercise.
If you are looking for a cuddly lap dog, the Scottish Terrier is the wrong address! He is an individualist and wants to be taken seriously as a dog. Nevertheless, he needs close involvement in the everyday life of his caregivers and does not like to be alone for long.
Is the Scottish Terrier right for me?
Before you get a Scottish Terrier, you should familiarize yourself with the characteristics and requirements of this breed. The spontaneous acquisition of a dog, no matter how cute the puppy, is never a good idea – after all, you assume responsibility for a living and feeling being for many years to come!
The intelligent and self-confident Scottie in particular needs a resilient and secure human-dog relationship in order to develop into a well-behaved and relaxed companion dog. And above all, he is not a cuddly toy that wants to be petted and cuddled by everyone at any time!
So, long before you buy a dog, think about whether you can organize your daily routine with the dog for the next 12 or more years. Daily walks, even in bad weather, are a must. Do your family members also agree to a four-legged housemate? If your children are still very small, you should probably wait before buying a dog. Are there health problems such as allergies that speak against it? Who can take care of the dog when you are sick or not able to? And what do you do with the dog on holiday – Scottie is very closely tied to his people and would like to be with them all the time!
Once you have finally decided on a Scottish Terrier and bring the necessary specialist knowledge for this breed with you, then you will experience many happy years and countless exciting experiences with this very dignified and proud companion. Whether as a family dog, in a single household, or for sprightly seniors, the elegant Scotsman is an absolute insider tip among dog lovers with good training!
The Sealyham Terrier is a British breed of dog in FCI Group 3. It belongs to Section 2 of the Small Terriers and is listed with number 74. The Sealyham Terrier is a small to medium-sized dog originally bred to hunt animals that hide in underground burrows, such as foxes and badgers. The term terrier comes from the French word “terre” which means earth. Today, many terriers are bred more as family dogs, but still often show behavior that is typical of hunting.
Origin and breed history
The Sealyham Terrier is a cross between Basset Terriers, West Highland Terriers, Fox Terriers, Bull Terriers, and Dandie Dinmont Terriers. The first Kennen Club for Sealyham Terrier owners was formed in 1908 before the breed was first officially recognized in 1910. Over the years, however, the popularity of the small white dogs has decreased. Today, most specimens are found in South Africa and England. Nevertheless, the Sealyham Terrier can look back on a long and impressive history.
Unlike many other dog breeds, the history of the Sealyham Terrier is very well known. Captain John Tucker-Edwards is considered the founder of the breed and began to breed a dog in Wales around 1850 that was intended to be suitable for hunting martens, otters or badgers. The result was a sharp and robust dog that acted fearlessly and courageously. After his death, Captain John Tucker-Edwards daughter continued to breed the Sealyham Terrier. In 1910, with the official recognition of the breed, the dogs were also accepted for the first shows.
In the years that followed, the popularity of the breed increased sharply, peaking in Germany in the 1920s and 1930s. For unknown reasons, however, the Sealyham Terrier almost fell into oblivion after the Second World War and so today there are only 750 registered specimens in Germany.
Nature & character of the Sealyham Terrier
Sealyham Terriers are now considered family and companion dogs. They not only have a lot of heart, but also their own personality, which they like to show. Like most terrier species, the Sealyham is also considered to be stubborn and sometimes difficult to train. His character is quite courageous and fun-loving. At the same time, he is sensitive, likes to please his people and likes to be enthusiastic about new things, which makes up for his stubbornness a bit in terms of upbringing.
Since Sealyham Terriers have a funny nature, they are also considered little clowns, which makes them particularly lovable friends. The dogs are also adaptable and love children. With appropriate socialization, they also get along well with conspecifics and usually score points with social compatibility. Because terriers can be prone to messing with others due to their high spirits, care must be taken to ensure they are well socialized. This also applies to other pets, such as cats, as they may be considered prey by the Sealyham.
Being an active breed, the Sealyham Terrier definitely needs to be cared for in a species-appropriate manner.
The appearance of the Sealyham Terrier
Sealyham Terriers don’t get taller than 31 cm. A male weighs about 9 kilos, bitches weigh an average of 8.2 kg. Sealyham Terriers were originally bred to be slightly slimmer. Specimens used for hunting should only weigh six kilos. Today their weight has increased somewhat as they are allowed to be a little less athletic for their primary use as family pets and it is rather undesirable that they are slim enough to easily disappear into any badger’s burrow.
The Sealyham Terrier’s head is flat and broad, and the nose is straight and has a moderate black stop. The breed is characterized by short legs, an elongated rump, and a long coat. The top coat is hard and wiry, the soft undercoat makes it weatherproof. The coat is mostly white, but can also have yellow, gray, or badger markings.
The Sealyham Terrier’s ears are medium-sized with rounded tips and hang down the sides of the cheeks when at rest. If the dog pays attention, they stick out slightly from the head. The breed’s eyes are dark brown to black and set slightly lower on the skull to provide protection when hunting. The Sealyham Terrier wears its tail high on the backline to match its high level of self-confidence: pointing upwards.
You have your eye on the cute Australian Silky Terrier and are now considering whether the lively four-legged friend is right for you.
Origin and breed history
As the name suggests, the Australian Silky Terrier originated in Australia. Yorkshire Terriers and Australian Terriers were already being crossed with one another in the 19th century.
Settlers took a liking to the steel-blue, rough-haired terriers and took the dogs to England. There they were bred to Dandy Dinmont Terriers to create a breed with a silky coat.
The English dog lover Mr. McArthur Little was fascinated by the terriers and bought some dogs from the litter. He emigrated to Australia with the animals and tried to optimize breeding there.
The aim was to breed a dog that combines all the positive characteristics of different terrier breeds. After several years, a small terrier with a long, silky, steel-blue coat had emerged.
The dog breed quickly spread across the entire continent. In the Melbourne area, the animals were initially referred to as Victorian Silky Terriers. In Sydney, on the other hand, they were called Sydney Silky Terriers.
The breed was only officially recognized in 1959 and uniform breed standards were created. Since then, the dogs have been called Australian Silky Terriers. The first specimens of the breed arrived in Europe and the USA as early as the 1930s, but the spread worldwide was slow.
The Australian Silky Terrier was bred primarily for pleasure. In Australia, however, it was also used as a guard and working dog at times. His job was to guard the house and yard and to kill annoying small animals such as mice, rats, and snakes.
The appearance of the Australian Silky Terrier
With a maximum shoulder height of 26 cm, the Australian Silky Terrier is one of the small dog breeds. Its finely structured physique makes it look noble, but it is still considered compact and has enough substance to hunt small animals. He is a moderately low-standing dog of medium length and weighs around 3.5-4.5 kg.
The Australian Silky Terrier’s head is moderately long and powerful. It has a flat skull and a strong jaw. His dark eyes are small and oval. The dog’s V-shaped ears are small, erect and set high on the skull.
The medium-length neck and the slightly curved neckline make the dog look elegant. The legs are short and delicate but are well under the body. The small paws are sufficiently padded. The tail is short, set high, and carried erect.
The hair of the Australian Silky Terrier is not only smooth, long, and fine, it also lies close to the body. The silky structure and the bright shine are particularly striking. In addition, the dog’s coat is parted down the middle of the back and has no warming undercoat.
In color, Australian Silky Terriers are a mix of blue and tan or grey-blue and tan. The tuft, on the other hand, is usually silver or cream-colored. The puppies of the breed are born with black fur.
However, the color becomes lighter over time and has turned into the characteristic blue and tan after 18 months at the latest.
Temperament and essence
The Australian Silky Terrier is a very uncomplicated fellow. His pleasant nature and cheerful nature make him the perfect family dog.
He is loyal, affectionate, and cuddly toward his caregivers. He loves socializing and actively seeks to connect with the family he lives with.
He enjoys the attention of his caregivers, likes to be the center of attention, and wants to be involved in all activities. Because of his intelligence and willingness to learn, he needs meaningful activities on a regular basis.
The Australian Silky Terrier has a lot of energy and therefore has a high urge to move. He is lively, spirited, and loves to play. He is very open to familiar people, he reacts reserved and distant to strangers.
But he is also extremely vigilant. When necessary, he appears bold and confident and barks at strangers. Like all terriers, the dog has a high hunting instinct. It catches and kills small animals very quickly.
The Skye Terrier is a small terrier from Great Britain, more specifically from the Misty Isles of the same name the Sky Isles. Dogs of this breed have a particularly striking coat and are very popular family dogs. Although the Skye Terrier is a real terrier, the Skye Terrier has a personality all of its own. He is a one-man dog with courage yet amazing affection for his human.
In the FCI, the Skye Terrier can be found in the following FCI group: FCI Group 3 Terriers, Section 2 Small Terriers without a working test with the standard number 75.
Origin and breed history
The Skye Terrier is a fairly old breed of dog whose name is a clear indication of its origin. On the one hand, the name is of course derived from the English word Skye for heaven, but primarily the name refers to the original homeland of the dog. The Skye Terrier’s ancestors come from the misty island of Great Britain that goes by the name of the Isle of Skye. The island is off the west coast of mainland Scotland and this is where the small terriers were kept for hunting foxes, badgers and otters. The active dogs were considered indestructible and very good swimmers with a fine nose.
For a long time the breed was only known on the Skye Isles and went unnoticed by the rest of the world. However, this changed in the 19th century. At that time, the English royal family discovered the small terriers with the beautiful fur and took some dogs to England. Queen Victoria in particular fell in love with the rare breed and bred the four-legged friends in her Windsor Castle. The nobility also quickly emulated the queen and kept the terriers as loyal companions.
During this phase, the appearance of the Skye Terrier was further formed and they received their current appearance and became a luxury dog. The beautiful Skye Terriers were hardly used for hunting anymore. He was especially valued for his very loyal character and for his beautiful coat. This terrier is a one-man dog and bonds very closely to its owner. This was evident very early on in England. Because the Skye Terrier Bobby got a monument in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1872, because he sat in the cemetery at his owner’s grave and mourned there for a whole 14 years until he also died.
In Scotland and also in England there are still a few breeders and lovers of the Skye Terrier, but the number of dogs has decreased significantly from year to year. The Skye Terrier is now one of the rare dog breeds and fans of the breed have to search a long time for a breeder.
Nature & character of the Syke Terrier
The Skye Terrier has a very British personality. He is an absolute one-man dog and is loyal to his owner. He mostly doesn’t care about other people. He encounters strangers openly, but rather distantly and does not allow himself to be bribed. He still has a fine nose and loves to follow a lead. In general, the four-legged friend has a mind of his own and only accepts orders from his owner. His beautiful appearance does not prevent him from running through the undergrowth to his heart’s content and startling rabbits and other small game.
His typical terrier stubbornness makes good training a challenge and only an experienced handler will be able to gain complete control over the beautiful terrier. He is very intelligent and sensitive, especially with his human. He acknowledges unfair treatment with almost insulted behavior. If you want to teach the Skye Terrier the basic commands, you have to work with rewards and, above all, a lot of patience.
In addition to his hunting skills, the Skye Terrier also likes to be a watchdog and tries to protect his family and especially his owner in case of danger. He tends to control his territory and clearly bark at intruders. He enjoys every attention from his owner and demands his attention and affection. However, he is not a lap dog and also demands his exercise. A dog of this breed can also do some dog sports and particularly impress with its fine nose.
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier makes a good family pet. He is very attached to his family and doesn’t like being alone. With children, he is gentle, patient, and a persistent playmate.
The Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier originally comes from Ireland, where it was bred by farmers and used as an “all-purpose” dog. He tended flocks of sheep, watched over the flock and property, caught mice in the yard, and went hunting. It is believed that the Soft Coated is the oldest of the four Irish dog breeds and is therefore around 200 years old. In 1937 the breed was officially recognized by the Kennel Club.
The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is still an “all-rounder” today. With all his eagerness to work: the greatest passions of the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier are his exercise and his great play instinct. He loves extensive romping with other dogs as well as extensive sniffing expeditions.
Therefore, the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier should also be offered longer, varied walks every day. It is also ideal for dog sports such as agility. It also cuts a fine figure as a companion for cycling, jogging, and horseback riding.
The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier makes a good family pet. He is very attached to his family and doesn’t like being alone. With children, he is gentle, patient, and a persistent playmate.
But as cute as the wispy is: Every now and then the Irish stubborn head comes through. That’s why you should pay attention to a consistent upbringing from an early age. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier also has a slight hunting instinct, which should be curbed. Beginners who want to keep a dog of this breed should definitely take them to a good dog school.
One should not underestimate the fur care effort. The fur quickly becomes matted if not brushed and groomed regularly. A Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier should be brushed extensively at least twice a week.
With enough exercise, a Soft Coated can be kept even in a city apartment. The main thing is that his whole pack of people is around him and plays with him.