The miniature or Rehpinscher is an old German breed of dog that is often kept as a city dog due to its small size. The little, bright guy is much more of a hunter and guardian after his original use!
The FCI runs the standard under No. 185 in Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid, Swiss Mountain Dogs, and other breeds, Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer, without a working test.
If you’re looking for a lap dog, you won’t find it here. Because the size of the Miniature Pinscher is deceptive! This dog breed hides a real bundle of energy. Check out this article for more information on this dog breed!
Today, the Miniature Pinscher is used almost exclusively as a family dog. Partly also in its function as a companion dog. Thanks to its size and easy maintenance, it is suitable for almost all living conditions.
Regardless of whether it’s in the city or in the country – the Miniature Pinscher feels at home everywhere. However, it is important that he always gets enough exercise. Due to its urge to move, it is particularly suitable for active people who like to be out in nature.
The size of the Miniature Pinscher is deceptive! Because the little four-legged friend is also an ideal watchdog and uses his instinct to ensure your safety.
Origin and breed history
Miniature pinschers are descended from the so-called “peat dogs” and owe their temperamental character to them. Accordingly, the pronounced guard and hunting instinct is not surprising.
Unlike the German Pinscher, the Miniature Pinscher has become increasingly popular. Breeders and dog lovers of the miniature pinscher have repeatedly emphasized that they do not live up to their image as lap dogs. Agile and nimble, the dog breed is often referred to with these characteristics.
The first entries in the studbook go back to 1925. The Miniature Pinscher used to be widespread throughout Europe. The Pinscher-Schnauzer-Klub is responsible worldwide for the official standard of the Miniature Pinscher.
The appearance of the Miniature Pinscher
With a shoulder height of 25-30 centimeters, the miniature pinscher is one of the small dog breeds. From a purely external point of view, the animal resembles the German Pinscher and is therefore often referred to as the “mini version” of its conspecific.
The Miniature Pinscher has a very muscular, elegant body with a short coat. The head is strong and the forehead is flat and unlined. The ears of the four-legged friend can stand up or fold forward. This varies from dog to dog and says nothing about the purebred nature of the animal, as some misconceptions claim.
Due to the smooth fur structure, the fur is characterized by a particularly beautiful shine. It can come in reddish-brown, dark brown, or black.
The darkest possible and most sharply defined burn can occur over the eyes, on the underside of the neck, on the metatarsals of the front legs, on the paws, on the inside of the hind legs, and under the root of the tail.
A characteristic feature of the Miniature Pinscher are two even triangles on the front chest. The miniature pinscher is also known as the “deer pinscher” because of its deer-red coat color.
The miniature pinscher is characterized above all by its loyal nature and its protective instinct. The little four-legged friend is not called a bundle of energy for nothing. Because he always wants to move.
This breed of dog is particularly good at agility. He wants to be there anytime, anywhere. Whether hiking, jogging or cycling. The urge to move can hardly be curbed. Are you active and enthusiastic about sports yourself? Then you will find in this dog breed an ideal companion for the next excursions in nature!
If you can’t spend a lot of time with your four-legged friend because of your job, we would advise against choosing a Miniature Pinscher. Because the little guy doesn’t like being left alone at all. He has a human-related character and is very fixated on his owner.
Although Miniature Pinschers are described as very even-tempered despite their energy, they still display the same guarding instincts as their ancestors. However, it is important that the protective behavior does not turn into aggressiveness.
To avoid this, you should make sure that your dog is socialized as a puppy. Because with increasing age it becomes more and more difficult to break the habit of this misbehavior in the dog. The earlier you start doing this, the better!
The Miniature Pinscher feels at home almost anywhere. The only important thing is that he gets enough exercise. It easily adapts to its owner’s lifestyle. However, he is not satisfied if he cannot live out his urge to move.
He enjoys being in nature. Preferably all day. Long walks or hikes lasting hours are among his favorite activities. He loves to explore his surroundings and is always curious about new things.
In addition to physical exercise, you should also take care of his mental activity. The right toy or maybe a visit to the dog school is suitable for this.
Basically, every breed of dog needs a meat-rich diet. Dog food should be carefully selected based on your pet’s weight, age, and special characteristics.
The optimal diet should consist of a mixture of wet and dry food. Occasional raw feeding (BARF) is also recommended. When buying dog food, you should also pay attention to the ingredients. High-quality feed is characterized by the following nutrients: muscle meat, carbohydrates and protein.
Good dog food can be a little more expensive than conventional food. However, the ingredients are good for your dog and make a significant contribution to the health of your pet.
Upbringing and care
Sufficient movement with the four-legged friend is unavoidable for good training and socialization. Because dogs that can let off steam outside are much more relaxed and relaxed at home.
If you allow your Miniature Pinscher a lot of exercise, it can also feel comfortable in a small apartment. It is only important that his urge to move is not restricted.
Of course, when it comes to raising your dog, things don’t always go according to plan. Every dog has his own head, which he always likes to enforce. However, you should be consistent with this. You should avoid loud commands. Try to stay as relaxed as possible. Sensitive animals may react to you with fear or distrust.
Miniature Pinschers are highly intelligent and willing to learn. Thanks to their quick comprehension, training is easy. With these characteristics, this breed is also ideal for beginners who do not yet have a lot of experience in dog training.
Not only sufficient exercise and the right diet is important for your Miniature Pinscher, but also the care of the animal.
Due to the short fur, grooming is not very time-consuming. This is what dog lovers really appreciate about this breed. The fur should still be brushed at regular intervals to remove minor dirt. Do you already have a suitable dog brush?
In the case of heavier soiling, it is advisable to bathe the dog. You should not use a conventional shampoo for this, but use a special dog shampoo.
Health and typical diseases
Miniature Pinschers are considered to be very robust dogs. However, it can happen that your four-legged friend unexpectedly falls ill. But to avoid this, you should do everything you can to strengthen and promote its health.
On the one hand, this includes the right diet and sufficient exercise. On the other hand, the physical care of the animal.
Miniature Pinschers can live to be 13 to 15 years old. Provided they are kept in a species-appropriate manner, receive a balanced diet, and do not suffer any diseases.
You now know what is important to ensure your dog’s health. If you follow these tips, you two will have a long time together.
The Miniature Pinscher is the ideal family dog. He has an affectionate nature and gets along well with other animals. Many dog lovers appreciate his child-friendly nature.
Thanks to his high intelligence and willingness to learn, you will have no problems with the upbringing. In addition to a loyal, watchful companion, a sports friend awaits you. The Miniature Pinscher loves to move and let off steam. Do you also like to be active? Then the Miniature Pinscher is the ideal dog for you!
The toy poodle belongs to the group of poodles and is the smallest poodle variant. All four poodles come from France and are very intelligent and cheerful dogs. The toy poodle is a popular family dog and can be a very good companion for sports and can even practice various dog sports. They are gentle and sensitive and yet almost always happy and lively.
In the FCI standard, all four sizes of poodle are listed under the same category of poodle, and the standard is found in the following group: FCI Group 9 Companion and Companion Dogs, Section 2 Poodles without a working test and with the standard number 172.
Origin and breed history
The history of the Toy Poodle is inseparable from the history of the Poodle in general, for the Toy Poodle is just one of four size variants of the Poodle.
The poodle comes from France and is actually a much-used hunting dog. It is also called caniche there and used to be used primarily for duck hunting in and on the water. The typical shearing of the poodle, which is a hunting shearing, also comes from this use. During this shearing, dense fur was grown on the kidneys, the joints, and the head. The very dense coat of hair in these areas protects the dog from the cold and wet when working. The pompoms, as the dense patches of fur are called, are still one of the classic hairstyles especially for the poodle.
The direct ancestor of all poodles is the barbet, which was also used for hunting ducks and probably gave the poodle its docility and friendly nature. The poodle quickly became popular with the French nobility because of its suitability for hunting and its cheerful disposition. Madam de Pompadour and Beethoven are said to have been great lovers of the breed, and Beethoven even dedicated a piano piece to his poodle.
Due to their high level of intelligence and their ability to learn, the poodles, especially the miniature poodles, became famous show talents at the circus, where the miniature poodles performed impressive tricks. Also as family dogs, the French hunting dogs quickly managed to win the hearts of people all over the world. The poodle and also the miniature poodle are among the most popular and well-known dog breeds in the world.
Nature & Temperament of the Toy Poodle
The Toy Poodle has a very open and friendly nature. He is open to all people and usually has no problems with other dogs. The toy poodle should only be accustomed to small animals early on, so that it does not classify them as prey. The Toy Poodle is a very active and intelligent dog that must be kept busy, even if it is kept purely as a family dog. He radiates his friendly and active character with his entire posture and can quickly win people’s hearts.
With his intelligent nature and his great charm, he wraps his people around his finger very quickly and thus sneaks in one or the other cuddle or extra treats. The toy poodle needs a lot of attention and loves to play and romp with its people. The connection to his family is very close, but he bonds particularly closely to his people, whom he follows and adores unconditionally. He is also an enormously versatile dog that can practice almost any dog sport and also proves to be a very good training and assistance dog.
How much exercise does a miniature poodle need?
Despite the small body size, the miniature poodle needs a lot of exercise and activity. He is an active and sporty dog who loves to learn and be active with his people. While he enjoys snuggling together, he’s not a lap dog who wants to lie on the couch all day.
The appearance of the toy poodle
As with all poodles, the miniature poodle’s appearance is very specific and whoever sees the animals will immediately recognize the poodle. Next to the toy poodle, the miniature poodle is the smallest variant of the poodle. It has a maximum height of 35 cm at the withers and has a very dense, curly coat. This has a curly, but very soft structure and the special feature that the poodle sheds little or no fur. It grows permanently without clipping, making the poodle considered an allergy-friendly dog.
Through breeding, a large variety of colors and combinations were added to the original coat colors of the Miniature Poodle. The original colors are solid white, black and brown. There were also exotic colors such as apricot, silver, black-and-tan and harlequin. All basic colors are still pied with a white background. The poodle’s eyes are dark and particularly round. Her gaze becomes cheerful and open. The dog’s muzzle is long and narrow and very often appears as if the little dog is laughing. The Miniature Poodle has a great facial expression and versatile facial expressions.
Education & keeping of the toy poodle – this is important to consider
Training the poodle is quite easy as this active little dog loves to learn and work with its human. He will master the basic commands in a very short time. The dog can learn a variety of tricks and will have a lot of fun in a dog sport. Due to the very close bond with people, motivation during training is easy, even for absolute novice dogs, and the owner can work with treats and positive reinforcement throughout the training. However, the toy poodle must be kept busy, otherwise, the self-confident four-legged friend will come up with nonsense very quickly and a miniature poodle can be very imaginative.
Beginners will have few problems with the docile and friendly poodle. You should only make sure that the miniature poodle is properly utilized and encouraged and not let the charming dog wrap you around your finger. A good dog school or a dog club is always recommended for dog beginners, where the dog gets to know other dogs very early on and the owners can get help there if there are problems.
Both an apartment and a house with a garden are suitable as homes for small animals – the main thing is that they are sufficiently utilized.
Diet of the Toy Poodle
The Toy Poodle is generally in good health, but some members of this breed are prone to intolerance to grains and sometimes certain types of meat. If there is an intolerance, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian or a dog nutritionist and find a food that the Miniature Poodle tolerates without any problems. If the toy poodle does not suffer from allergies, feeding is quite easy. A food with a very high meat content should always be bought. This is easy to see from the list of ingredients, if meat is the first ingredient in the list, it is also the main ingredient in the dog food.
A dog food for small dogs is best suited for the Toy Poodle and the food should be adapted to the age of the dog, a puppy should still be given puppy food up to its 6th month of life. From the age of about seven years, it makes sense to switch to senior food. Senior food particularly protects the kidneys and cardiovascular system of older dogs and supports health in old age. In addition to a quality food, the Miniature Poodle always needs access to fresh water and an occasional chew bone will help keep teeth healthy and white into old age.
Toy Poodle Activities and Training
Despite its small size, the Toy Poodle is a very active and energetic dog. He needs a lot of exercise and also physical and mental workload. If he doesn’t get these, he’ll come up with nonsense very quickly and can tend to bark. In everyday life, he should have the opportunity to go for an hour’s walk at least three or better four times a day. Dog sport or work as an assistance or rescue dog should also be added. He is available for every game and can play and romp patiently for a long time, especially with children. Nevertheless, a dog sport should be sought for the small, active Toy Poodle that is fun for both the dog and the owner.
Almost every sport is fun for the agile Toy Poodle, they have a fine nose and can be very good at tracking or searching. The former hunting dog is also good at retrieving and with a good education he can also run freely on the horse or accompany his loved one while jogging. Physical challenges for the active Toy Poodle are agility, flyball, and lunging. Here the dog can really let off steam with its owner and will then enjoy the rest time together all the more.
Even at an advanced age, these dogs love to learn. Therefore, trick dogging and dog dancing are just as ideal for keeping the toy poodle busy and having fun with the dog.
Good to know: Peculiarities of the Toy Poodle
The poodle is the most famous dog breed from France. When people think of a French dog, the poodle immediately comes to mind. It is popular all over the world and the miniature poodle in particular has long been an absolute fashion dog. Many famous and well-known personalities of history and the present have chosen a Miniature Poodle as a loyal companion. Beethoven deserves special mention here and of course, Goethe, who even immortalized the poodle in his masterpiece, Faust. This is where the saying of the poodle core comes from.
Another special feature is that the toy poodle is allergy-friendly. In addition, it is crossed with many other dog breeds, creating hybrid dogs such as the Goldendoodle, Cavapoo, Labradoodle, Maltipoo, and many more. These so-called designer dogs in particular are becoming increasingly popular.
The Australian Silky Terrier, also known as Silky, is a dog breed recognized by the FCI and belongs to Group 3 Terriers. He belongs to section 4 of the miniature terriers without a working test.
Origin and breed history
Australian Silky Terriers are a relatively young breed. It is believed that they came from a cross between Australian Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers. Australian terriers have been used as rat hunters in Australia since the early 19th century. English terriers also came to Australia with the British settlers. These were mated to the wire-haired Australians. This should result in a small dog that is not only suitable for rat hunting, but can also be kept well in the house. Various terriers were crossed again and again, including the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. The aim was to create a dog that combines all the positive characteristics of the different terrier breeds and also has a silky, steel-blue coat.
Nature & Temperament of the Australian Silky Terrier
The small Australian Silky Terrier is characterized by its strong temperament and its cheerful nature. He is extremely active and playful. Lots of exercise and meaningful activity are essential to do justice to the terrier’s energy and intelligence. Even today, the hunting instinct is still deeply rooted in the former Pied Piper and must always be observed.
The Silky convinces with:
- Happy disposition;
The Silky is suitable as a family dog for families with older children. He enjoys being the center of attention and always wants to be part of family life. The terrier seeks the company of its loved ones and is very affectionate towards them. With the right upbringing, the spirited, cheerful terrier becomes an uncomplicated companion dog. He is rather reserved with strangers. He makes a good watchdog, barking at any intruder immediately.
Is the Australian Silky Terrier a family dog?
The Australian Silky Terrier is suitable as a family dog for families with older children. The Australian Silky Terrier has little to do with small children.
The appearance of the Australian Silky Terrier
Australian Silky Terriers have a compact build. They belong to medium-sized dog breeds. The length of your body should be in proportion to the height at the withers. While the Silky’s build is rather delicate, it still offers enough substance to hunt down unwanted rodents. The head is medium-sized, the eyes are dark and oval. He has V-shaped ears that stand erect. According to the FCI breed standard, ears and paws should be free of long hair. The tail of the Silky used to be mostly docked, but today it carries it upright.
Weight and height:
Silkys weigh between 3.5 and 5.5 kilograms;
Males are between 23 and 26 centimeters tall, females are slightly smaller.
The shiny coat is the trademark of the Australian Silky Terrier. The Silky owes its name to its silky sheen. The long coat is smooth, fine and lies close to the dog’s body. The hair must not reach the ground and restrict the dog’s freedom of movement. Typically, the Silky wears its long hair parted down the middle of the back, shortening only on the ears and paws. The Silky has no undercoat.
The color of the coat may be any shade of blue or tan. Intense colors that differ greatly from each other are particularly welcome according to the breed standard. The tuft is silver-blue or fawn. The Silky has blue fur from the back of its head to the tip of its tail. The base of the ears, the cheeks and most of the legs are more of a fawn brown, the so-called tan. The special bright shine of the coat makes the well-groomed, noble look of the Silkys. Australian Silky Terrier puppies are born with a black coat and only develop their distinctive coat color within the first 18 months.
The Australian Silky Terrier is distinguished from other terrier species by its glossy coat. In his other appearance he resembles his relative, the Yorkshire Terrier. It is often confused with this.
Upbringing and keeping the Australian Silky Terrier – this is important to note
The Australian Silky Terrier is a very trainable dog and is therefore relatively easy to train. However, like all terriers, he can also become stubborn, which is why consistent training with clear rules is essential. Without the necessary rules, the Silky will exploit his opponent’s weaknesses. A loving upbringing without aggression and without punishment leads to success. In this way, the intelligent terrier can be taught little tricks and the terrier’s hunting instinct can also be controlled.
The Silky should be trained as a puppy. Attending a dog school is an advantage. With a consistent and loving upbringing, the Australian Silky Terrier becomes an obedient and uncomplicated companion dog that follows its human everywhere.
Dog experience is an advantage when training the Silky. However, it is also conditionally suitable for beginners. They should visit a dog school to find support in educating the clever dog. The dog’s urge to move and stubbornness, as well as the associated training effort, should be taken into account from the start.
Diet of the Australian Silky Terrier
When it comes to nutrition, the robust terrier is quite undemanding. He eats both wet and dry food. Since its stomach is very small, small portions of food should also be chosen. The feed should contain enough protein and carbohydrates so that even with small portions the supply of all important nutrients is guaranteed. Since too high a calorie intake can quickly lead to obesity in small dog breeds, the amount of food must be adjusted to the activity level of the dog.
Grooming the Australian Silky Terrier
The Australian Silky Terrier requires regular grooming. Daily brushing and combing is required to prevent the coat from matting and to maintain its shine. Since foreign bodies can get tangled up in the Silky’s long coat on walks, it should be examined and brushed out at home. However, brushing is easy thanks to the smooth coat. The Silky can also be bathed. In order to protect the dog’s skin, this procedure should be carried out at most every two months. Eyes and ears should also be cleaned regularly.
When the Silky’s fur reaches the ground or covers its eyes, it needs to be clipped carefully. A visit to a dog groomer is a good idea. It is important that the length of the hair does not interfere with the movement of the Silky. Hair must be short enough to see under the body. Furthermore, the paws are to be kept free of long hair.
Since the Silky has no undercoat, it sheds relatively little fur. It can therefore also be suitable for allergy sufferers.
Australian Silky Terrier Activities and Training
The Australian Silky Terrier is alive and kicking. Despite his small size, he needs sufficient exercise and a lot of activity. So that the intelligent terrier is also mentally busy, a lot of value should be placed on mental work. In addition, you should go for a walk for at least an hour every day. Ball games are recommended to give the little terrier extra power. The Silky wants to be involved in all family activities as it is very affectionate towards its people.
Games of skill are ideal for constantly presenting Silky with new challenges. For example, he has to work out his own treats.
Dog sports such as agility are suitable for the Australian Silky Terrier. Here the Silky can prove its agility and agility by completing an obstacle course with its owner as error-free as possible. The time limit and obstacles are adapted to the physical conditions of the little terrier. In this sport, not only are Silky’s brains and obedience required, but also his athleticism. Searching for clues and dog dance also require the intelligence and agility of this dog breed.
Is the Australian Silky Terrier right for me?
The ideal person for Silky should enjoy keeping the dog busy and going for walks in the fresh air. When purchasing a Silky, you should be aware that it is a stubborn terrier that needs consistent training. The Silky can adapt well to different living conditions. Nevertheless, he is by no means a lap dog, but a robust, active terrier. When properly trained, the Silky makes a good companion dog, following its human everywhere.
Thanks to its small body size and attachment to its caregivers, keeping it in an apartment in the city is quite possible. However, this is only the case if Silky is kept busy with enough outdoor exercise and mental work. It also feels very comfortable in the country.
The Silky attaches great importance to family connections and is well suited as a family dog. However, children should be of an age where they can treat the dog with respect. The Silky doesn’t think much of rough toddlers. He is friendly and uncomplicated towards older children. Thus, a family with older children is well suited for the active terrier.
Today we introduce you to the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la Pom Pon. We asked our breeders to answer a few questions so that those interested in this breed have the most important information at a glance. At the bottom you have the possibility to contact the breeder directly.
What distinguishes the breed of your animal?
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is an intelligent and lively little dog with an even-tempered personality. He is very adaptable and actually feels at home everywhere. Like a true terrier, the Biewer is quite brave and has a strong sense of self. He shows a lot of love and affection to his owner and is quite easy to train.
He proudly displays his elegant appearance, but he is anything but a lap dog! The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is a real dog and wants to be treated as one. The Biewer’s coat grows throughout his life, he has no undercoat and no change of coat. For this reason, this dog, which is around 20-25 cm tall and weighs up to 3.5 kg, is also well suited for many allergy sufferers.
Which spatial environment is required?
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is a real all-rounder and very adaptable. Regardless of whether it is a city apartment or a house in the country, whether you are single or a large family, the Biewer will find its place everywhere.
What is the financial burden of food, vet, and equipment?
Like any dog, the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier should be fed a high-quality food that is tailored to its size and breed. Since hair care is very expensive, various care utensils (brush, comb, etc.) and products (shampoo, conditioner, etc.) have to be purchased.
Ideally, a Biewer only visits the vet for the annual check-up, regular vaccinations and the occasional tartar treatment. In summary, keeping a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is not very expensive and costs an average of around 40 to 50 euros a month.
How can one describe the nature of the breed?
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is an intelligent and energetic miniature terrier with a healthy self-confidence. With a dose of loving consistency, he is easy to train, because he learns extremely quickly. With the right motivation, he is even able to learn a variety of different tricks. He likes to be in the company of his peers or his owners and never gets bored.
How much time should you devote to the animal at least every day?
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is actually not particularly demanding. He is happy about every minute of attention that his owner shows him, but does not hold it against him if he has to stay at home alone for a few hours. If he doesn’t have an easy-care short hairstyle, daily brushing is mandatory, as well as a bath with special shampoo and conditioner about every two weeks to keep the coat silky soft and shiny.
What does the Biewer Terrier love?
As a family and companion dog, the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier naturally loves company, but it doesn’t need to be kept busy all day! A boisterous game with fellow cats or a long walk contribute to its well-being just as much as an afternoon on the sofa, where it cuddles up to its owner’s leg and dozes off while he reads a book.
What does he not like at all?
There isn’t much the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier doesn’t like. However, its special fur structure (always growing hair without undercoat) makes it more sensitive to cold and wet than other dog breeds, which is why it has to be protected with suitable clothing in the corresponding weather.
What diseases should you expect?
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier suffers from basically the same health problems as the Yorkshire Terrier. In addition to an increased susceptibility to tartar formation, these also include diseases such as patella luxation, a disease of the knee joints that occurs in all small dog breeds and which is not always inherited but can also be acquired, the portosystemic shunt, also simply called liver shunt, and progressive retinal atrophy – an eye disease that gradually leads to complete blindness.
Some of these diseases can already be diagnosed in puppyhood, which is why they only occur in rare individual cases.
What should you pay particular attention to when buying a young animal?
As with all puppies, when purchasing a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier care should be taken to ensure that you are purchasing a healthy, inquisitive and active puppy that has been responsibly bred and not factory farmed. Since the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is still a relatively young breed with a limited gene pool, countless “hobby breeders” try to sell their black and white mixed breed puppies without proof of pedigree to unsuspecting lovers as Biewer Yorkies.
However, a “real Biewer” is always three-colored (black-white-gold or blue-white-gold), belly and legs are white, as is the tip of the tail. A responsible breeder will also have their breeding animals checked for certain breed-specific diseases and will present the findings for inspection upon request.