The most expensive dog in the world costs 1.1 million euros
It is fiery red, weighs 80 kilos, and costs as much as a villa: the Hong Dong Tibetan Mastiff is the most expensive dog in the world. The buyer is a Chinese coal magnate – who now has to cope with the animal’s high culinary demands.
Hamburg – Legend has it that Genghis Khan had one, as did Buddha: the Tibetan mastiff is undoubtedly a particularly noble animal. Now one of them has been sold for 10 million yuan ($1.5 million), making it the most expensive dog in the world.
“Hong Dong” (“Big Splash”) is the name of the fluffy little red man that a coal magnate from northern China has now acquired as a pet. “He’s a perfect specimen,” said breeder Lu Liang, according to the online edition of the British newspaper Telegraph. “He has excellent genes and will make a good breeding dog. When I started in this business ten years ago, I never imagined that I would reach such a price with it.”
The dog is eleven months old and already weighs more than 80 kilograms. “The price is reasonable,” said Lu. “We spent a lot of money raising the dog and we have to pay the salaries of many employees.” As a male, the dog can be loaned to other breeders, which can bring in a lot of money for the owner. “The amount might come back after a few years,” Lu said.
About the buyer, the breeder said: “I could see that he loved the cub, otherwise I would not have sold it to him.” Then he will certainly be happy to take care of the unusual food requests: Chicken and beef are on the menu at “Hong Dong”, and he is particularly fond of sea cucumber and abalone.
The most expensive dog so far had also been a Tibetan mastiff. In 2009, the animal with the equally unpoetic-sounding name “Yangtze River Number Two” brought in four million yuan (435,000 euros). The new owner brought it home in Xi’an in a convoy of 30 luxury limousines. The animals, which live almost exclusively in Tibet, are considered a status symbol in China.
Dog lovers know – their faithful companion cannot be weighed in gold! However, some breeds are more expensive than others. Above all, individual specimens from famous lines go beyond the scope. We present ten of the most expensive dog breeds.
Before one or the other reader gets a shock because his dream dog is named: The following dog breeds are on average more expensive than other dogs. However, this does not mean that fans of these breeds always have to pay astronomically high sums.
Because some prices of the most expensive dog breeds refer to rare lines or prestigious individual specimens. From A for Affenpinscher to Z for Miniature Schnauzer: If you are looking for a specific breed, you should contact a breeder recognized by a reputable association. He sells the animals at a reasonable price that is neither bargain nor exorbitant.
Tibetan Mastiff (Do Khyi)
Tibetan Mastiffs are available in Europe for as little as 1,000 euros. Thus, the price of a livestock guardian dog from the Himalayas would not be higher than that of many other breeds. However, individual lines of the dogs that were kept as guard dogs in Tibetan monasteries fetch far higher prices.
In 2009, for example, a Chinese millionaire bought a male named “Yangtse No. 2” for the equivalent of 400,000 euros. Four years later, a golden Do-Khyi male changed hands for 1.4 million euros. In China, the Tibetan mastiffs are considered a status symbol, which drives prices to astronomical heights.
Yes, he is really scary, imposing and big. At the same time, however, he rests within himself and is the best big brother/uncle one could wish for. He knows his strength and innate dominance, so he can take things calmly and calmly. He loves nothing more than getting an overview first. He just likes to keep an eye on everything. You can still act if something happens. However, what appears on the outside like coolness and sovereignty is actually constant observation and analysis. Analyzing whether the environment behaves correctly or whether order needs to be ensured. Because of his job as a watchdog, he is always the calming and at the same time protective pole for his family. As was its original task. He is 100% loyal to his family. However, this can also mean that you have to share the sofa with him in the evening
As intelligent as he is, parenting can be difficult. After all, he instinctively knows how to behave. He needs to be made to understand from an early age that his primary caregiver is in charge. Being consistent and being able to assert oneself is the most important thing for the owner. If neglected for a long period of time, the Tibetan Mastiff quickly takes control. It’s difficult to break that habit from him.
The historical background of the Tibetan Mastiff
This dog breed is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. He comes from Tibet, where he has long been kept secluded from the rest of the world. This is probably the reason why it is still as archetypal as it has been portrayed in the lore. Visually, the Tibetan Mastiff resembles the Molosser. If you translate the name “Do Khyi”, you will get the meaning “tethered dog”. Thus the tradition, in which this dog was mentioned as a guard and protector of monasteries and courts, is confirmed. The farmers could also rely on him, because he not only protected the farms and fields, but also the cattle. He also traveled through the region with the nomads as a guard dog. Caravans traveling through the Himalayas also relied on his reliable guard services. In this way he finally found his way out of Tibet.
No matter what large, wild beasts to ward off, they couldn’t hold a candle to the Tibetan Mastiff. He not only showed the physical size, but was extremely defensive.
Already in antiquity, the riddles about its origin were piling up. The story of his origins is still alive today, in which he appeared as an Indian mastiff that was half dog and half lion. It was also suspected that he could have been the forefather of the Molossians and Mastiffs. However, it has now been scientifically proven that it is an independent breed. There are no kinship markers between these breeds. So much for the original Do Khyis.
Today we mainly see the new Do Khyi. In the USA, but also in China, Great Danes and Mastiffs were crossed by various breeders. The result was huge, “new” Do Khyis. Especially in China, it has developed into a status symbol, a fashion dog, within the last 30 years. The super-rich of China in particular like to adorn themselves with the new Do Khyis, making them almost priceless dogs that often change hands for six-figure sums.
In principle, however, this breeding line should not be supported. This is because these dogs are barely able to walk or live at all due to their gigantism. In fact, these dubious breeders, dealers and owners have managed to turn an indestructible protection dog into an extremely vulnerable, barely viable, gigantic dog.
The European dog breed has also adopted the Tibetan Mastiff. And here, too, it was not possible to proceed impartially and responsibly. The starting point was a small but extremely healthy and resilient breeding base. Many breeders fell victim to the demands of show judges. They agreed to support the gigantic growth as well as the formation of wrinkles in the muzzle area and around the eyes, to emphasize it. Unfortunately not for the welfare of the animals.
Surely there are other breeding lines today. However, finding them requires patience and good knowledge of the situation. Why is this so important? Well, strictly speaking, there was no need to introduce new traits or potential into the Tibetan Mastiff. Because he was almost perfect, perfectly healthy and had a pleasant, balanced personality. So-called improvements, as called for by various breed judges, are simply neither necessary nor beneficial to the animals.
This dog breed was recognized by the FCI in 1961. In 1967 the International Club for Tibetan Dog Breeds was founded under the umbrella organization of the VDH. Only a few puppies are born each year, maybe a dozen or two. This is also why the Tibetan Mastiffs are so very valuable.
What are the requirements of the Tibetan Mastiff?
He is easy to feed, likes to be alone once in a while and can also stay alone for a long time. With regard to his upbringing and socialization, it must be noted that he can be quite stubborn due to his independence and only learns when he feels like it. Thus, its owner must not only be experienced, but also master the balance between loving and consistently dominant training.
Various tasks can be envisaged based on his skills. Mantrailing and rescue dog training should be considered. And of course training as a guard dog would not be out of reach.
The Tibetan Mastiff and its health
In general, the Tibetan Mastiff is in very good health. No wonder, because he has always been used to being outdoors. He also demands the same from his current owner. And this favor should also be fulfilled for your health. As with all large dog breeds, it can develop elbow and hip problems as it ages.
Whether there is a general tendency to HD or ED or arthrosis can only be found out by means of a blood test or sonography. It is worth having these parameters checked regularly by the veterinarian. Should an outbreak then occur, immediate action can be taken?
Pros and cons of the Tibetan Mastiff
As with many large dogs, there can be negative references from those around them, because not everyone has sympathy for large, independent dogs. This also applies to the owner himself. Not every dog owner is suitable for an independent, self-contained dog. However, it has the advantage that you don’t have to take care of the dog all the time.
Certainly he can complete various dog sports great. But he also wants time for himself and “his thoughts”. He’s fantastic as a family dog because he knows exactly who’s in the pack and who to tell. There is no better watchdog for the little ones than this dog.
The perfect human for a Tibetan Mastiff
- Is experienced with dogs;
- Is not afraid of large dogs and the reactions of those around him to this size;
- Takes on the great task of training and socializing the dog well;
- Happy about a new family member who loves all family members, even the smallest ones, and survives busy days well;
- Has a large yard which is suitably fenced;
- Is interested in preserving the original breed.
Buy Tibetan Mastiff puppies
First of all, if you are seriously interested in this dog, it is important that you find a reputable breeder who is dedicated to breeding the original Tibetan Mastiff. For the sake of the dog, you should refrain from all breeds that deal with gigantism, excessive bulging of the eyes, and also the growth of the cheeks. You should also exercise patience.
Only a few puppies of this dog breed see the light of day each year. Thus, the waiting list for most breeders is relatively long. The next item on the checklist to consider is the amount of space you have available.
Not only that there must be a lot of space in the house for such a large dog. The garden should also be of a certain size. The Tibetan Mastiff is only too happy to roam its territory alone to check if everything is in order. Since he does not necessarily have to spend time with his owner all the time, he prefers a personal retreat in the garden.
In addition, the garden must have a very stable, rather high fence that delimits the entire area. This dog would otherwise look around the community on its own. An idea that only he likes. With that, the list would already have been completed. And one more thing: Of course, a dog that big can also cause a stir among the neighbors and other dog owners.
Of course, you shouldn’t judge your neighbors. But you should still grapple with these thoughts. Once the dog is there, it’s too late for that.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The name “Cavalier King Charles Spaniel”, which is one of the most expensive dog breeds in the world, goes back to Kings Charles I and Charles II. These ruled in the 16th century.
Compared to the King Charles Spaniel, these dogs are larger and have more “nose”. Many members of the breed are available from reputable breeders at an affordable price.
But specimens that are bred according to the rules of “Premium Kör-Breeding” can be far more expensive. A Premium Kör breed not only includes numerous health examinations of the parent animals, but also a particularly typey appearance.
The valuable breeding animals are only approved for breeding from the age of 2.5 years. In order to get the hereditary diseases under control, which unfortunately occur more frequently in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, it makes perfect sense to buy a dog from a Premium Korbred breed.
Small dog, big heart. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a friendly, affectionate, patient, and playful dog. It is ideal for families because it is very fond of children. When outside, he loves to explore and takes his time discovering, sniffing, and sniffing everything around him. But he prefers to spend his time with his master. Therefore, he should not be left alone all day. This frustrates him and makes him sad.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is easy to train. It is therefore particularly suitable for beginners who like to train dogs but do not have many years of experience. People often ask if this dog is good for agility. The answer is: it depends on the dog. There are calmer and easy-going, but also very active and energetic Cavaliers.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not a dog that should or wants to be kept outside. But a lot of exercises is very important, after all he is a real spaniel. He is known for running and running a lot.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has Spanish roots. And yet he only “got off to a flying start” in England. King Charles I and King Charles II were absolutely blown away by this breed, which is why it became so well known. At that time, the dogs still had a very short nose because breeds such as the Pug or the Japanese Chin were being crossed. However, because a longer nose was very popular, this characteristic was increasingly bred. Where they got their name from is not difficult to guess. They were named after King Charles. They received the suffix “Cavalier” because the troops of King Charles I were referred to as “Cavaliers”.
To this day there is a law that allows Cavalier King Charles Spaniels to be taken into the English Parliament. It goes back to a royal decree from King Charles II – because of his love for dogs.
Akita Inu & other Japanese dogs
The most famous Akita Inu is Hachiko, who waited day after day for his deceased master at Shibuya Station in Tokyo. His story has been filmed with Hollywood star Richard Gere.
The past of the Asian four-legged friend is also impressive: He is considered a former companion of the samurai. The breed is currently experiencing a hype in Europe, just like the smaller Shiba Inu. Great demand and few breeders lead to a relatively high price, which can reach twice that of other breeds.
This is even more extreme with the very rare Shikoku Inu and Kishu Inu breeds. In fact, other Japanese breeds of the Spitz type are unaffordable for most Europeans: It is forbidden to export the Kai Inu and Hokkaido breeds from Japan.
The Akita Inu is an ancient Japanese national breed. Akita stands for a province in Japan, the addition “Inu” simply means “dog”.
Originally, the Akita Inu was used to hunt bears, wild boar, and game birds, as well as being a guard dog, pulling loads, and dog fighting. During the 19th century, dogfighting became more popular, resulting in large, powerful Tosa and Mastiff breeds being crossed with the Akita Inu. Dog fighting was banned in Japan in 1908, but this did little to detract from the popularity of the Akita. In 1931 it was even declared a cultural asset. The Second World War then brought the Akita Inu to the brink of extinction, since all dogs, with the exception of the German shepherd dogs who were in military service, were to be drafted as meat and fur suppliers. After the end of the World War, two different remainders of Akita lines faced each other. One was narrower and taller, mostly brindle or black, which is very likely due to crossing German shepherds. This line came to the United States via the military and evolved into the American Akita. This lineage of Akitas is not recognized by Japan. Instead, attempts were made in Japan to breed back to the original appearance. For this purpose, the Japanese hunting dog Kishu Inu, Japanese sled dogs and also the Chow Chow were crossed. The somewhat smaller, often reddish or sesame-colored Akita Inu is also more common in Europe. In the F.C.I. Both the Akita Inu and the American Akita are now recognized as separate breeds.
The Akita Inu is an extremely self-confident, self-sufficient dog. He is said to have a tendency towards dominance, which may be due to the fact that he is not inclined to blind obedience. He’s not a submissive dog at all and wants to make sense of the commands he’s asked for. Especially with insecure owners, he prefers to rely on himself and make his own decisions. On the other hand, he follows a sovereign, just person reliably, is very faithful and loyal. He doesn’t take a hard hand well, he remembers injustice for life. Strangers are mostly ignored as long as the Akita Inu doesn’t see his family threatened. In case of doubt, however, he will defend his people using all his not inconsiderable strength.
The Akita Inu is said to have a certain arrogance when dealing with strangers, but also with other dogs. Many Akitas, especially males, are also completely incompatible with foreign conspecifics. The dignified calm that surrounds an Akita and its plush appearance may be tempting to keep this breed as a cuddly, imposing accessory. In fact, the Akita is an extremely serious dog that expects respect and is only partially suitable as a “social dog”. Its hunting instinct only allows it to run freely in areas rich in game with very good training.
An Akita usually gets along very well with the children of their own family, is patient and loving. During wild games with visiting children, the Akita may “protect” its own children, so it should not be left unattended. An Akita can get along well with small animals or cats living in the household if he has been accustomed to them from a puppy if possible. In general, his family is company enough for the Akita. He likes it quiet and manageable, he can easily do without contact with strangers or animals. Anyone who intends to keep their dog busy with visits to the local dog park is therefore ill-advised with an Akita.
Akitas usually find little to gain from contact with strangers of their own species. Good socialization with other dogs from puppy legs usually only helps to a limited extent. It is important to convey to the Akita from the start what behavior is expected of him when encountering dogs. For example, bullying or “playing macho” is not one of them. The Akita is actually not difficult to train if you teach him that obedience makes sense to him. He is too self-confident and independent to only obey because his human would like it to be so. Nevertheless, or precisely because of this, it takes a lot of empathy, sovereign calm and patience in the upbringing. Violence and volume only cause the Akita to retreat and go its own way. Consistency and assertiveness, if possible an even bigger stubbornness in humans than the Akita has, are also prerequisites for a successful upbringing.
An Akita needs a family connection, but is also satisfied with being partially kept outside and can remain alone comparatively well. He barks little and can be kept in a rented apartment. Low temperatures are much more his thing than summer heat. An Akita does not make any great demands on utilization. He likes long, quiet walks and prey games, some Akitas are also enthusiastic about dog sports. Overall, however, he is a rather stoic, relaxed dog who has little time for “silly” games and tricks.
The noble silhouette of the pharaoh hound is reminiscent of the Egyptian god of death, Anubis. The hunting dog from Malta is a specialist in hunting rabbits and is one of the ancestors of the Spanish Podencos.
Although there are still many four-legged friends in Malta who look like pharaoh hounds, they do not have papers. Pharaoh hounds from registered breeds are therefore very rare and are therefore among the most expensive dog breeds. For example, the puppy register of the German umbrella organization VDH shows no puppy reports at all or a single-digit amount for the past few years. Pharaoh hounds can cost around 6,000 euros.
Canadian Eskimo Dog
These four-legged friends are working dogs of the Inuit, for which they were considered real all-rounders: pulling sleds, guarding or hunting together were on the agenda. Due to the lack of breeding efforts, the breed was considered almost extinct.
But in 2018, the FCI set a new standard. A Canadian Eskimo Dog is very difficult to get because there are only a few breeders.
In addition, the attitude is demanding: simple walks are not enough for the hard-working Eskimo dog. So it takes not only money but also a lot of time to live happily with such an impressive Northern Lights.
Elegant sighthounds like the Saluki are rare and can therefore be very expensive. The breed, which has been bred for six millennia, impresses with its dignified appearance.
For a Saluki, 2,500 euros and more often have to be shelled out. If you also value certain Arabic lines, you have to dig much deeper into your pocket. The same applies to the azawakh, which is particularly popular in France.
Originating from South Africa, Ridgebacks are considered proud and dignified. No wonder – their original area of application was lion hunting. In relation to other breeds, many prospective buyers have to dig a little deeper into their pockets if they want to buy a Rhodesian Ridgeback.
The recommended price is between 1,500 and 2,000 euros. The eponymous strip of fur on the back is typical of the Ridgeback. The Thai Ridgeback and the Phu Quoc Ridgeback, which is not recognized by the FCI, also have this in common with the Rhodesian Ridgeback. In particular, the Phu Quoc Ridgeback from Vietnam is one of the very exclusive dog breeds, as there are only around 700 specimens.
Peruvian hairless dog
Even 1,000 years ago, hairless dogs were considered something very special in their homeland of Peru. Today, this exclusivity is reflected in the price. Therefore, these dogs are among the most expensive dog breeds.
There are only a few reputable breeders in Europe, who in turn charge slightly higher prices for their puppies. The Mexican hairless dog is also one of the hairless four-legged friends that are more expensive than most other breeds. The Chinese crested dog, which is also “naked”, is more common and therefore more affordable.
The Lowchen is one of the most expensive dog breeds. Some attribute this to its rarity. However, other breeds such as the Pekingese, Affenpinscher or the aforementioned Azawakh are much rarer.
In Germany, for example, around 100 Löwchen see the light of day every year. Löwchen prices start at around 1,400 euros and are therefore only slightly higher than the average. However, the following applies to the Löwchen: Breeding animals and dogs with rare characteristics can be particularly expensive in this breed.
The original sled dog convinces fans of the breed with its impressive appearance and idiosyncratic character. However, he does require a lot of exercise and training can be challenging.
Although the Samoyed is rarely encountered due to these traits, reputable breeders offer puppies at a price point comparable to other breeds. However, there are pure white specimens from old Siberian lines that cost far more. If you are interested in one of these special animals, you have to pay up to 9,000 euros for it.
Are these really the most expensive dog breeds?
With over 250 dog breeds out there, exceptions prove the rule. Of course, there are specimens of every breed of dog that have had a particularly large number of exhibition successes or inherited desired but rare characteristics. These are more expensive. That’s why a single Rottweiler, German Shepherd or Bearded Collie can cost more than, for example, a well-bred Samoyed. If you include the training, you can even come across much higher prices for Golden Retrievers or Poodles: They are often used as assistance dogs. Due to their training, these cost as much as a new mid-range car.
Why are some breeds more expensive than others?
Every breeder should make sure that their dogs are checked by a vet for breeding suitability and that they are fed well. Of course, the food for large dogs is a different cost factor than for a 2 kg Chihuahua. However, this does not explain the large differences between the breeds.
If the breeding animals are very difficult to obtain, the breeders often pass this on to the puppy buyers. In part, the following applies: Demand regulates the price.
Tip: There are breed-specific associations that can provide information about a reasonable price range for four-legged friends. High demand explains why hybrid breeds like the Labradoodle can be found at high prices. Even “breeders” who practice little health care and breed undocumented animals charge four-figure sums for puppies of the popular crossbreed.
The 4 most expensive dog breeds in the world
In the end, it doesn’t matter whether it’s a breeding dog or a mixed breed, every dog is lovable and unique in its own way. However, there are a few dog breeds that are only sold for a very high price. In addition to the breed of dog, factors such as age and type of training are also important. The following breeds recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) are among the most expensive in the world.
The Do Khyi – the most expensive dog at around €7,000
Also known as the Tibetan Mastiff or Tibetan Mastiff, the Do Khyi is probably the most expensive dog breed in the world and was developed in Tibet centuries ago. Originally used as livestock and property guard dogs, Tibetan Mastiffs can still be found in this role. Despite their massive, intimidating size, these dogs are big softies when it comes to their human families. They retain their guardian nature, however, so strangers need to beware, and introducing trusted humans is a long process. The Do Khyi needs firm, consistent training and moderate activity to be a gentle, calm guard dog.
As a rule, around €7,000 has to be paid for a Tibetan Mastiff. If the desire for a Do Khyi is greater than the savings, a loan comparison can make sense. Nowadays, you don’t have to go to a branch to apply for a loan. In addition to the comparison, the loan application can also be made entirely online. Whether the loan is to be used to buy a Tibetan Mastiff or for another purpose is completely irrelevant with a loan for free use.
The Saluki – 12,000 euros
The Persian greyhound is a real beauty. Only certain Arabian lines of the dog breed are particularly expensive. They are considered very rare and are kept as companion dogs by wealthy Arabians. Such a Saluki costs up to 12,000 euros. Anyone who is interested in this elegant greyhound does not always have to dig deep into their pockets. European breeders also offer Saluki puppies for up to 2,000 euros.
Even an expensive dog breed like the Saluki takes work and needs to be cared for. To ensure that your pet’s ears, fur and paws are always nice and clean, →regular care is a must. Our Care Line is gentle on the skin and guaranteed not to be tested on animals, has a pleasant scent and is gentle on fur and paws.
Pharaoh Hound – in 2nd place with around €6,000
At first glance, one might think that the Pharaoh Hound, also known as the Pharaoh Hound, is a sandstone sculpture of an ancient Egyptian king’s favorite dog. However, you don’t have to be a king to befriend the pharaoh hound. These adaptable and affectionate dogs make great family companions and are also great for novice pet parents. Pharaoh Hounds delight their humans with clownish antics and love to make them laugh. The Pharaoh Hound has a remarkable personality that is characterized by an immense zest for life. One of his most endearing traits is his ability to blush. A deep pink color can be seen on his nose and ears when excited or enjoying some affection.
At around €6,000, the pharaoh hound is right behind the Tibetan mastiff and involves a certain amount of capital expenditure. If necessary, the necessary capital can be mobilized at short notice via online comparison portals such as Financer or similar. When comparing loans, the effective interest rate is one of the most important criteria, as it takes into account the total cost of the loan.
Canadian Eskimo Dog – 3rd place with around €5,000
The Canadian Eskimo Dog belongs to the arctic dog breeds that have been native to Canada for 4,000 years. The breed specializes in working as a sled dog and is less suited to the role of the quiet family dog. Above all, the rarity of the breed is responsible for the high price. Few specimens are found outside the borders of Canada. Canadian Eskimo Dogs require more than 120 minutes of exercise per day, intense training and are more suited to experienced owners. The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a guard dog that will strike and bark. He only gets along with children after a longer period of acclimatization and training.
Dog as a status symbol?
Dog breeds in the upper six-figure range and higher are often so expensive for two reasons: high demand or their function as a status symbol. When breeders start reaping such huge profits from a dog breed, you should think twice about supporting them.
It goes without saying that dogs should not be kept as a status symbol. They’re living things, not pretty cars, to show off on the street. Unfortunately, certain dog breeds are still kept to make an impression and are therefore traded at high prices.
Quality dog, quality food
The costs don’t stop when →buying a puppy. A dog costs you money all the time: veterinarian, dog school, basket, leash and Co. – all of this wants to be paid for. Don’t skimp on the food either. A →healthy and balanced diet is very important for the health of your four-legged friend.
What are alternatives to the most expensive dog breeds?
You can find puppies for many of the breeds mentioned at a regular price from a reputable breeder. Have you fallen in love with the elegant appearance and graceful nature of the Pharaoh Hound, a Saluki or an Azawakh, but don’t want to spend four-figure sums?
Check out the animal shelter for greyhounds in need. Sometimes even animals with papers look for a new home there. Anyone who likes Samoyeds and Akitas can find out all about the Spitz – the Spitz is also available in different sizes.
In animal welfare in particular you will find adult four-legged friends who are in no way inferior to expensive four-legged friends in terms of their charm, but only cost a nominal fee. This in turn benefits animal welfare. You should avoid supposed bargain prices and breeders who don’t belong to a club.
Also, keep in mind that the purchase price is only a fraction of the running costs. Added to this are the regular expenses related to food and care. Veterinarian costs can quickly reach four figures.