The Cocker Spaniel is a happy and affectionate family dog. He has an interesting history as a hunting dog, today he is one of the most popular companion dogs in the world.
The Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world and is known to many from the film Lady and the Tramp. The breed originally comes from England, where it is still used today as a hunting dog. The breed was called “cocker spaniel” because it was primarily used for hunting woodcock. As a distinct breed, separate from the Field Spaniel and Springer Spaniel, the Cocker Spaniel was recognized shortly after the English Kennel Club was formed in 1873. The Cocker Spaniel we know today has been around since about 1900, but some changes in appearance and style were made throughout the 20th century. The breed has long existed in two varieties, one used for hunting and the other for show.
This breed is very affectionate, has a gentle temperament, and enjoys being with family. This is particularly evident in the fact that the dog feels most comfortable when it can participate in family activities. Due to its origin in hunting in groups, it also gets along well with other dogs in most cases. In addition, he gets along well with children.
The Cocker Spaniel is happy, playful, and curious. As a result, you often see a wagging tail and distinctive body language. He is versatile, open, and willing to do anything as long as he is with his people.
Level of activity
Although the breed is now recognized primarily as a companion, the original origin and use of these dogs must be considered. A quick learner and active, playful and alert, the Cocker Spaniel will enjoy any activity possible. Mix up regular walks with yard games and field work or agility competitions. Making sure his activity needs are met will keep a happy and cuddly Cocker at home.
To keep the coat nice and free of matting, you should comb and brush it several times a week. If you bathe your dog regularly and then blow-dry it, you make grooming easier. Ears should be checked regularly as the Cocker Spaniel’s anatomy makes them prone here.
While the Cocker Spaniel enjoys spending time with family, it’s important to remember that they were bred to be gun dogs. This means that training from puppyhood is important so that the dog is always ready to go.
The Cocker Spaniel is intelligent, easily trained, and loves to explore. It is said that he has a delicate soul. Always train your dog with patience and positive reinforcement. Socialize him early by introducing him to different people and noises to ensure he grows up to be a well-behaved dog.
Height and weight
The Cocker Spaniel is medium-sized, compact, and heavily built. Males grow to about 39-41 cm and females about 38-39 cm. Their weight is between 13 and 15 kg.
The Cocker Spaniel’s coat is smooth and soft. There are solid Cockers (black, red, gold, and tan) and part-colored dogs (two or more colors).
In general, the Cocker Spaniel is a very healthy breed, but as with all breeds, illnesses can occur. A common problem is the ears. Due to their anatomy, it is not uncommon for a Cocker Spaniel to have recurring ear infections.
Other diseases that this breed can develop include:
Hip dysplasia (HD)
Acral Mutilation Syndrome (AMS)
Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
Familial Nephropathy (FN)
Hereditary phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency
Progressive Rod-Cone Degeneration (prcd-PRA)
The Cocker Spaniel has a large appetite and will easily overeat if given the opportunity. Don’t let the cute begging eyes fool you or you’ll quickly end up with an unhealthy overweight cocker.
How much a dog should eat always depends on its health, size, age, build, and level of activity. Ask your vet if you are unsure.
Five Facts About Cocker Spaniels
- The Cocker Spaniel originally comes from England, where it was used as a hunting dog.
- Perhaps you know the Cocker Spaniel from the Disney film “Lady and the Tramp”?
- The breed’s coat is very beautiful, but it also needs a lot of maintenance to stay that way.
- Intelligent, affectionate, and a true member of the family – that’s how you can describe a Cocker Spaniel.
- Today, the breed is primarily a companion dog. He has a high level of energy and likes to work.