Curly Hair Tarantula is a tarantula that is ideal for keeping at home. It has gained immense popularity among exotic lovers due to its unpretentiousness, calm disposition, and unusually beautiful appearance – it has a large body covered with hairs, which gives it a rather attractive appearance. In addition, the bite of the Curly Hair Tarantula poses absolutely no danger to a person, since there are no toxins in his saliva. The female spider lives long enough – up to 20 years.
Curly Hair Tarantula Appearance and Temperament
Curly Hair Tarantula is a representative of the rich forest fauna of Costa Rica and Honduras. Since its cost is not so high, everyone can purchase such an unusual pet. Curly Hair Tarantula got its name from a tarantula thanks to one painting, written in the 18th century from the words of the famous researcher Maria Sibylle Merian. The woman described in detail in her works the process of a Curly Hair Tarantula attack on a hummingbird right in its nest, and the artist created a canvas depicting this action. The tarantula’s saliva is not dangerous to humans, however, in natural conditions, the spider uses irritating hairs located along the entire body for defense purposes. Therefore, as soon as he starts combing them, it is necessary to urgently move away from him. Otherwise, hairs on the face can irritate the mucous membranes.
Unlike other tarantulas, Curly Hair has a rather modest color, but this does not prevent the spider from looking gorgeous. The spider has the following external characteristics:
- the body is colored golden-bronze;
- the maximum body length reaches 7 cm;
- the thick hairs that cover the entire body of the spider are dark brown or black with tints of pink;
- can do large swinging paws (up to 16 cm).
By nature, this is a rather calm, sedentary animal, capable of sitting all day in one position without even moving. However, at a young age, Curly Hair Tarantula is highly active and mobile, so it is necessary to constantly monitor that the cover of the cage is closed, otherwise, the spider will escape. You need to take it in your arms with great care so as not to scare the tarantula. Otherwise, he may shed his hair.
This spider prefers to live under logs or stones, as well as in earthen voids. He can even make his own home by digging a burrow. He has excellent eyesight as he is a night hunter.
During the molting period, which occurs throughout the life of the tarantula, its active growth and development are observed. At the onset of this period, you can notice a change in the behavior of the spider. This is expressed in the following:
- there is a decrease in appetite up to a complete refusal of food;
- he becomes inactive and may even freeze completely;
- the fleecy cover darkens.
Before the onset of molting, the tarantula begins to prepare – weaves a rug from a cobweb. The preparation process itself, as well as the duration of the period after molting, range from one to 24 weeks. The molt itself takes about 20 minutes, after which the tarantula lies on its rug with its legs up or on its side. Violations of the process (breaking of new skin or incomplete flaking of an old one) can cause the death of the tarantula. The causes of complications have not been precisely established, but it is assumed that this is due to excessively high or, conversely, very low air humidity. In addition, shedding disorders can be caused by severe stress or anxiety in the spider.
Housing the Curly Hair Tarantula
It is very easy to keep this type of spider. As a dwelling for the tarantula, you can prepare a terrarium, an aquarium, or just a plastic container. The container must be of the horizontal type. For an adult spider, a size of 40x40x30 cm is enough.
At the bottom of the terrarium, it is necessary to pour about five centimeters of the substrate in which the tarantula will dig holes. Coconut flakes can be used as a substrate. The air temperature in the pet’s dwelling should be within 24C-28C. If the room temperature is lower, then a not very bright fluorescent lamp can be placed on the terrarium for heating.
The air humidity should be kept at about 70%. For this, a third of the substrate is sprayed, which is located near the drinking bowl. If the humidity is too high, bacteria and fungi will begin to multiply. If mold is suddenly found in the spider’s dwelling, it is necessary to immediately replace part of the substrate and reduce the humidity. The terrarium must be equipped with a drinker and some kind of shelter can be installed in it.
Curly Hair Tarantula belongs to the group of nocturnal predators that feed on small insects and vertebrates. In addition to the fact that the spider has exceptional eyesight, he also feels well any vibration that occurs in the air, as well as various, even the weakest, odors. It is these qualities that allow him to hunt successfully. Having watched the prey, the spider firmly clings to it with its forelimbs and plunges its sharp fangs. The following types of insects are ideal for feeding the tarantula at home:
- tiny mealworms;
- small marble cockroaches;
The growing individual is fed every 2-3 days, the adult receives food only once every 7 days. Large insects, the dimensions of which exceed the dimensions of the tarantula itself, are divided into parts, and, if necessary, killed. The fact is that teenage spiders can be frightened by a moving victim. When the Curly Hair Tarantula reaches puberty, the following food is introduced into the diet:
- large cockroaches;
- at least three crickets in one meal;
- newborn mouse.
The tarantula’s menu should contain enough nutrients to provide the insect with a hearty breakfast. After each feeding, it is necessary to check the condition of the abdomen – it should not be very saggy and small. But you should not overfeed either, as this can provoke the development of a hernia.
Gender maturity in females occurs at the age of 3-5 years, in males – at 2.5-3 years. Reproduction of domestic spiders Curly Hair Tarantula successfully occurs in captivity, while they give numerous offspring. Individuals that have reached maturity mate from October to May, that is, during the rainy season. Before the mating season, it is necessary to fatten the female well, which will prevent the possible eating of the male and the manifestation of all kinds of aggression towards him. In this case, the chances of successful fertilization are significantly increased, and this guarantees the receipt of a large number of young individuals in the near future.
After replanting the male to the female, you need to wait for the bulbs to charge. At the end of the reproduction process, the newly-made dad is put back in his terrarium. If everything went well, the female begins to weave a cocoon, in which it then lays eggs. Their number can vary from 300 to 1000 pieces. Already after 6 weeks, the larvae will appear, the growth and development of which occurs at an intensive pace. After a few weeks, young spiders are ready to live on their own.
Pros and Cons of Curly Hair Tarantula
Like all representatives of flora and fauna, the Curly Hair Tarantula spider has its advantages and disadvantages. Among the positive qualities are the following:
- unpretentiousness in care and maintenance;
- peaceful, non-aggressive nature;
- a long period of life – up to 20 years, there were even individuals who lived for 35 years;
- relatively low price.
Of course, the disadvantages of Curly Hair Tarantula are also present, but they are rather insignificant:
- the presence of irritating hairs;
- slow growth;
In general, the keeping of Curly Hair Tarantula is quite simple, so it will not cause much trouble. In addition, Curly Hair Tarantula belongs to a group of fairly peaceful insects that anyone can get along with. The only thing to remember is to be careful when dumping hairs, as they irritate the mucous membranes of a person and can cause an allergic reaction.
- Curly Hair Tarantula – has a calm character, long lifespan, and original appearance.
- Curly Hair Tarantula inhabits the tropical rainforests of Costa Rica and Honduras. They dig holes or use the voids under the roots of trees and bushes as a refuge.
- Female tarantula spiders live several times longer than males. The average lifespan of females is 10-15 years, while males are 3-4 years old.
- With the help of tarantula spiders, people treat fear of spiders, a disease called arachnophobia.
- The most dangerous enemy for tarantula spiders is the wasp spider.
- Spiders can refuse food for no apparent reason for up to 2 years.
- Insects or smaller spiders form the basis of the diet of tarantulas.
- Young Curly Hair Tarantulas run very fast, so open the lid carefully or the pet may escape.
- Curly Hair Tarantula is a nocturnal ambush spider. It preys on small vertebrates and insects, which it detects with its feet sensitive to taste, smell, and vibration.